CAE Writing Text Types

Here is a breakdown of the different types of writing task you are required to do in the CAE.

Download the handout here:

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Text Type Structural Features Language features
Article / Contribution Title (article + contribution)

Paragraph headings (contribution)

  • Has to catch and hold readers’ attention – so needs interesting opening and effective ending.
  • Use direct questions.
  • Try to personalise it.
  • Register depends on target reader but usually informal – neutral.
Competition Entry Title
  • Has to stand out from other pieces on the specified topic – so needs a striking opening and memorable ending.
  • Register depends on target reader but usually informal – neutral.
Report Title

Paragraph headings

  • Clear introduction explaining the reason for the report
  • Very clear language describing something precisely
  • Objective / impersonal style.
  • Neutral to formal register depending on target reader.
  • Clear conclusion, usually a recommendation.
Proposal Title

Paragraph headings

  • Clear introduction explaining reason for writing.
  • Very clear language, persuasive language, recommendations / suggestions.
  • Objective / impersonal style.
  • Neutral to formal register depending on target reader.
  • Argument backed up by crystal clear reasons.

 

Essay Title usually provided.
  • Neutral – formal register
  • Academic piece of writing
  • Examine both sides of an argument in a clearly organised structure.
  • Likely to come to a definite conclusion.
Information Sheet Title

Paragraph headings

  • Neutral – formal register
  • Clear language explaining rules and regulations for example.
  • Distinct paragraphs about different subjects, no links between paragraphs.
Review Title
  • Early statement of the subject of the review (film, book, website etc.)
  • Some factual information about the subject.
  • More of the content should be devoted to the writer’s opinions on the subject.
  • Writer’s opinion supported by examples related to subject.
Formal Letter Opening and closing conventions:

Dear sir / madam – yours faithfully

Dear Mr. Smith – yours sincerely

  • Clear opening paragraph giving reason for writing.
  • Language that persuades by giving reasons supported by examples.
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