Posted in Uncategorized

CAE Ice-Breaker UPDATE

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Image credit: englishrussia.com

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This is an updated version of my CAE/C1 ice-breaking activity for the first class of a course. Click this link to the prezi (you’ll only need the first 5 slides).

Obviously it’s tailored to my interests but you’ll get the idea and be able to adapt to your own.

First I flash up the sentences with the adjective/verb + preposition combination (petrified of) etc. and tell them that some are true and some are false. They have to decide which are true and which are false in pairs. Award points to the pairs who guess correctly.
Then test them on the prepositions by flashing up the slide with them omitted. Then they have to write 4 sentences using the same combinations, some true some false and read them to their partner, who has to guess which are T/F.
Then the next bit is 6 sentences with some nice phrases about personal interests etc. “I’m into….” etc. I show them my examples (they’re all true) and let them ask me some questions. Then they have to complete the sentences so they’re true for them.
Then they have to mingle around the class reading their sentences to each other, flash up the expressions for showing interest: Uh-huh, mm-hmmm etc. and encourage them to use them. Tell them that they should try to remember as much information as they can about their classmates. While they do this, monitor and board any emergent language to look at later.
After 10 mins or so have them sit down and split them into two teams. Select one member from the first team, the other team then has to remember as much as they can about that person:
“He’s into football and rugby.”
“He has a burning ambition to meet Messi.” etc.
Award 1 point for each correct bit of info. The idea is that they’re recycling the 6 expressions over and over and getting to know each other at the same time.
Posted in Conversation Classes, Ice-breakers, Warmers

Back to School: My Summer Holidays (A1-B1)

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Image credit: coar56ar.com

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This is a warmer/short conversation activity for use with lower-level students (A1-B1) to refresh past simple question formation. Download the handout below:

back-to-school-handout

Scrambled Questions

Unscramble the questions, and then ask them to your teacher:

  1. summer your how holidays were?
  2. did where go you?
  3. there you did do what?
  4. it did like you?

Ask and answer the questions in pairs.

Questions Words

Complete the questions with a question word:

Where    What (x2)    How (x2)    Who

 

  1. ___________ was the weather like?
  2. ___________ did you stay?
  3. ___________ did you get there?
  4. ___________ did you go on holiday with?
  5. ___________ long did you go for?
  6. ___________ was the best thing you did there?

Answer Match

Match the questions (1-6) with the answers (a-f)

  1. We went surfing, it was so much fun!
  2. In a nice little hotel next to the beach.
  3. We took a plane to the island and then we rented a car.
  4. We went for 6 days.
  5. It was lovely, it only rained once.
  6. I went with my Mum, Dad and little brother.

Speaking

Ask the questions to your teacher, then to your partner.

Then write 2 new questions for your partner:

Where

Who

When

What

Why

How

 

 

Did

 

 

You

Verb in base form

Do

Eat

Buy

See

Etc.

 

 

There?

What Was The best thing You Verb in past simple

Ate?

Saw?

Bought?

Etc.

Key

Scrambled questions

  1. How were your summer holidays?
  2. Where did you go?
  3. What did you do there?
  4. Did you like it?

Question Words

  1. What
  2. Where
  3. How
  4. Who
  5. How
  6. What

Answer Match

  1. E
  2. B
  3. C
  4. F
  5. D
  6. A

Teacher’s Notes

Pronunciation

While students are performing the speaking task, be sure to help them with pronunciation of the questions, focusing specifically on weak forms and sentence stress:

Where did you go?

| weə dɪdjə ɡəʊ | – Connected speech and weak form “you”

What was the weather like?

| ˈwɒt wəz ðə ˈweðə ˈlaɪk | – weak forms of “was” and “the”. Sentence stress on “what” “weather” and “like”

Smartphones, photos

If students have photos of their holiday readily available (on a smartphone or tablet) let them show their partner while they describe their holiday.

Posted in Games

Last Day of Term: Top 5 Quiz

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The last day of term is fast approaching so I’ve made a fun quiz to keep students entertained. I recommend bringing sweets as a prize for the winning team. Credit to my friend Dan for the inspiration and some of the questions. Download the questions and instructions below:

top-5-quiz

Instructions

Spilt the class into groups of 2 or 3, give each group a piece of paper and encourage them to come up with an interesting team name. Explain that you are going to give the teams a category and they have 3 minutes to come up with the top 5 items in that category. For example: the top 5 largest countries in the world by area. Students are awarded 1 point for every answer that they guess that appears in the top 5, and an additional bonus ½ point for every answer that is in the correct place in the list, meaning that there is a total of 7.5 points on offer for each round. The different categories are listed below:

(Note: this was designed with Spanish students in Barcelona in mind so some categories may not be suitable for all groups)

Largest countries in the world by area

1.       Russia

2.       Canada

3.       China

4.       USA

5.       Brazil

Most popular pets in the USA

1.       Cat

2.       Dog

3.       Fish

4.       Small mammal (hamster, gerbil, rabbit etc.)

5.       Bird

Most viewed artists on youtube.com

1.       Justin Beiber

2.       Rihanna

3.       Taylor Swift

4.       Katy Perry

5.       Eminem

Highest grossing films of all time

1.       Avatar

2.       Titanic

3.       Star Wars: The Force Awakens

4.       Jurassic World

5.       The Avengers

Best-selling books of all time

1.       The Lord of the Rings

2.       The Hobbit

3.       The Little Prince

4.       Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s stone

5.       And Then There Were None by Agatha Christie

Largest oceans in the world

1.       Pacific

2.       Atlantic

3.       Indian

4.       Southern

5.       Arctic

Richest people in the world

1.       Bill Gates

2.       Amancio Ortega

3.       Warren Buffett

4.       Carlos Slim

5.       Jeff Bezos

First 5 Pixar films in the order they were released

1.       Toy Story

2.       A Bug’s Life

3.       Toy Story 2

4.       Monsters’ Inc

5.       Finding Nemo

Largest cities in Europe (inc Russia)

1.       Istanbul

2.       Moscow

3.       London

4.       St. Petersburg

5.       Berlin

Countries in Europe by population

1.       Russia

2.       Germany

3.       Turkey

4.       France

5.       UK

 

Male tennis players with most grand slams

1.       Roger Federer

2.       Pete Sampras

3.       Rafa Nadal

4.       Novak Djokovic

5.       Bjorn Borg

Female tennis players with most grand slams

1.       Steffi Graf

2.       Serena Williams

3.       Chris Evert

4.       Martina Navaratilova

5.       Margaret Court

Most popular ice-cream flavours in the world

1.       Vanilla

2.       Chocolate

3.       Cookies and cream

4.       Strawberry

5.       Mint choc-chip

Best-paid football (soccer) players (2016)

1.       Cristiano Ronaldo

2.       Lionel Messi

3.       Wayne Rooney

4.       Zlatan Ibrahimovic

5.       Yaya Toure

Most popular football clubs in the world

1.       Man Utd

2.       Real Madrid

3.       Barcelona

4.       Chelsea

5.       Arsenal

Autonomous regions in Spain by area.

1.       Castile-Leon

2.       Andalusia

3.       Castile-La Mancha

4.       Aragon

5.       Extremadura

Barcelona FC’s most expensive signings

1.       Neymar Jr.

2.       Luis Suarez

3.       Zlatan Ibrahimovic

4.       David Villa

5.       Marc Overmars

5 elements in the periodic table from which the letters in the symbol do not appear in the name of the element in Spanish or in English. (award 1 point for name of element and ½ for correct symbol:

1.       K – Potassium

2.       Na – Sodium

3.       Hg – Mercury

4.       Au – Gold

5.       W – Tungsten

Most popular boys names in UK

1.       Muhammed

2.       Oliver

3.       Jack

4.       Noah

5.       Jacob

Most popular girls names in UK

1.       Sophia

2.       Emily

3.       Lily

4.       Olivia

5.       Amelia

Most popular boys names in Spain

1.       Alejandro

2.       Daniel

3.       David

4.       Pablo

5.       Adrián

Most popular girls names in Spain

1.       Maria

2.       Lucia

3.       Paula

4.       Laura

5.       Andrea

Posted in Conversation Classes, Listening Classes, TED Talk Lesson Plans

TED Talk, Paul Root Wolpe: Bio-engineering

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This is a new TED talk lesson plan for higher levels (C1+) on the subject of bio-engineering and cloning. Thanks to my colleague Cliff Grossman for recommending this fascinating talk. You can download the materials below:

TED Bio-engineering – Student handout

TED Bio-engineering TEACHER NOTES

Procedure

You can either give students the handout and have them watch the talk and answer the comprehension questions for homework, or do it in class.

Then depending on class size students can ask and answer the discussion questions in small groups or in open class. The topic also lends itself well to debates on GM food, cloning and bioengineering.

Student Handout

Comprehension Questions

  1. What have been the three great stages of evolution?
  2. What are some of the animal hybrids he presents?
  3. What have scientists done with bioluminescent cells from jellyfish?
  4. What does he say about the differences in regulations on genetic modifications between the US and Europe?
  5. Name a few of the animals that have been successfully cloned.
  6. What have scientists managed to do with cockroaches and goliath beetles?
  7. What was so special about the monkey with the prosthetic arm?
  8. What was grown on a mouse’s back?
  9. What is Paul’s view on bio-engineering?
  10. What changes does he predict in the future?

Discussion Questions

  1. What did you think of the talk?
  2. Did you like his presenting style?
  3. What’s your opinion in the different experiments?
  4. Which ones do you find interesting?
  5. Which ones do you think go too far?
  6. What uses can you see for the different bio-engineered animals?
  7. How far do you think we should go?
  8. Should we clone humans?
  9. What problems do you foresee if we were to start cloning humans?
  10. Who should decide the limits of where science can go?
  11. Should people be able to design their own pets/children/bodies?

Language

Look at the language in bold. What do you think it means?

  1. By changing our environment, we put new pressures on our bodies to evolve. Whether it was through settling down in agricultural communities…
  2. So I want to take you through a kind of whirlwind tour of that
  3. Someday, perhaps pretty soon, you will have beefalo patties in your local supermarket.
  4. Dogs are the result of selectively breeding traits that we like.
  5. The scientists that made this cute little creature ended up slaughtering it and eating it afterwards.
  6. We had to do it the hard way in the old days by choosing offspring that looked a particular way and then breeding them.
  7. What are the ethical guidelines that we will use then?

Key

Comprehension Questions

    1. What have been the three great stages of evolution? 1st: Darwinian evolution 2nd: humans changing their environment by forming civilisation 3rd: Evolution by design (bio-engineering)
    2. What are some of the animal hybrids he presents? Liger, geep, zorse, beefalo, cama,
  • What have scientists done with bioluminescent cells from jellyfish? Made animals that glow in the dark

 

  1. What does he say about the differences in regulations on genetic modifications between the US and Europe? Regulations are much stricter in Europe
  2. Name a few of the animals that have been successfully cloned. Sheep, pigs, rats, cats, dogs, horses, wolves, cows.
  3. What have scientists managed to do with cockroaches and goliath beetles? Made them remoted-controlled
  4. What was so special about the monkey with the prosthetic arm? It learned to move its new prosthetic arm using just its brain signals meaning that it effectively has three independent arms.
  5. What was grown on a mouse’s back? A human ear
  6. What is Paul’s view on bio-engineering? He is worried about its implications and thinks we have to be very careful.
  7. What changes does he predict in the future? Human cloning and designer pets or even babies.

Discussion Questions

  1. What did you think of the talk?
  2. Did you like his presenting style?
  3. What’s your opinion in the different experiments?
  4. Which ones do you find interesting?
  5. Which ones do you think go too far?
  6. What uses can you see for the different bio-engineered animals?
  7. How far do you think we should go?
  8. Should we clone humans?
  9. What problems do you foresee if we were to start cloning humans?
  10. Who should decide the limits of where science can go?
  11. Should people be able to design their own pets/children/bodies?

Language

Look at the language in bold. What do you think it means?

  1. By changing our environment, we put new pressures on our bodies to evolve. Whether it was through settling down in agricultural communities… (to stop travelling and stay in one place to live)
  2. So I want to take you through a kind of whirlwind tour of that (a very quick tour seeing the most important places)
  3. Someday, perhaps pretty soon, you will have beefalo patties in your local supermarket. (hamburgers)
  4. Dogs are the result of selectively breeding traits that we like. (characteristics)
  5. The scientists that made this cute little creature ended up slaughtering it and eating it afterwards. (kill an animal for food)
  6. We had to do it the hard way in the old days by choosing offspring that looked a particular way and then breeding them. (biological term for children)
  7. What are the ethical guidelines that we will use then? (moral rules)
Posted in Exam Preparation Class, Uncategorized

FCE Speaking Phrases

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First post in a while as I’ve been tied up with DELTA module 1 exams. Modules 1 and 2 are done! It’s been a fantastic but extremely taxing experience.

So it’s back to the bread and butter of exam prep classes and two long-standing private students have their FCE next week, so I’ve made this handy FCE speaking phrase sheet. Download it below:

FCE Speaking phrases

FCE Speaking Phrases

Likes/dislikes

I’m into…

I’m a keen/avid (surfer)

I’m keen on/fond of (surfing)

I’m a fan of…

Opinion

In my opinion…

I think/reckon…

From my point of view…

 

Comparing/contrasting

Both pictures show…

In this picture we can see… whereas/while in the other picture…

In contrast

On the other hand

Describing pictures

He/she/they seem to be…

He/she is probably…

In this picture it looks as if/though they are…

They could/might/may be…

They could/might/may have just…

In the background there is/are…

At the top/bottom…

In the corner…

Agreeing

You’re absolutely right.

I feel the same.

I couldn’t agree more.

I think so too.

Absolutely/totally.

Disagreeing

I don’t think so…

I take your point but…

Hhhmmm, I’m not so sure…

I see what you mean but…

Starting

Shall I start?

Shall we start with….?

Would you like to start?

Do you mind if I start?

That’s a difficult/interesting question.

Now let me see…

Asking for opinion

What’s your opinion on….?

What do you think about….?

How do you feel about…?

Would you agree with that?

Personalising

Speaking from personal experience,…

For me personally,..

I’d prefer to be in this situation because….

 

Impressive structures

Another point I’d like to add about … is…

Coming back to what… was saying about…

It’s also important to remember that…

Another idea which has just occurred to me is…

Repairing and Rescuing

I can’t remember the word at the moment but…

It’s the thing you use to…

The person who…

I have the word on the tip of my tongue.

The word has slipped my mind.

What I’m trying to say is…

What I mean is…

Asking for repetition

I beg your pardon, I didn’t catch that.

Sorry would you mind repeating that?

Could you repeat the question please?

Posted in Conversation Classes, Exam Preparation Class, Vocabulary Classes

CAE Expressions Sheet

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This is a phrase sheet for my CAE students to help them with some nice informal expressions for the speaking assessment. The expressions are collected from various other worksheets but they idea was to have them all in one place for ease of studying. Download the sheet below.

cae-expression-sheet

 

Family

1.       I definitely take after my Mum.

2.       My sister and I get on like a house on fire.

3.       My Dad is the breadwinner in our family.

4.       My brother and I are like two peas in a pod.

5.       My cousin and I are like chalk and cheese.

6.       Curly hair runs in my family

7.       They say that blood is thicker than water.

8.       I want to follow in my parents’ footsteps and become a doctor.

9.       I’m always falling out with my sister, she’s so annoying.

10.   My uncle is the black sheep of the family.

11.   My little brother is the spitting image of my Dad.

12.   I’m named after my great-grandfather.

 

Friendship

1.      My best friend and I have been through thick and thin together.

2.       My best friend is such a good laugh.

3.       My best friend and I are like brothers/sisters from another mother.

4.       I can always turn to my friend for advice or help.

5.       My best friend always stands up for me in an argument or fight.

6.       I know that my best friend has got my back if there’s any trouble.

7.       If I tell my friend a secret, I know that their lips are sealed. They would never spill the beans.

8.       My best friend is definitely not a fair-weather friend.

9.       My best friend and I are lifelong friends.

10.  We were best friends at primary school but now we have drifted apart.

11.   My best friend and I are joined at the hip.

12.   I often crash at my friend’s house at the weekend.

 

 

 

Travelling

1.       Get itchy feet

2.       Get the travel bug

3.       Culture vulture

4.       Catch some rays

5.       Sit and watch the world go by

6.       Pack a lot in/Have a full plate

7.       See how the mood takes me

8.       Travel on a shoe string

9.       Live it up

10.   A culture shock

11.   Feel right at home

12.   Watch your back

13.   Travel light

14.   At the crack of dawn

 

The Future

With any luck, I will probably…

I have a burning ambition to…

I’ve always dreamed of… so I expect I will…

I haven’t made up my mind yet but I’m leaning towards studying…

I’m torn between studying… and ….

In all likelihood I’ll study…/work in…

I see myself working in the field of…

If everything goes to plan in 5 years, I’ll be…

I’ve got it all mapped out first I’m going to… then…

I have absolutely no clue what I’m going to do tomorrow let alone in 5 years.

I have always had aspirations to go into the field of…

I expect I’ll follow in my Mum/Dad’s footsteps.

 

Likes/Dislikes

·         I’m keen on / fond of……………

·         I’m a keen / avid + noun

·         I’m a keen swimmer.

·         I’m an avid guitarist.

·         I’m an avid traveller.

·         I’m a (bit of a) bookworm.

·         I’m an avid reader

·         I’m a (bit of a) film / music / history / art buff.

·         I’m a (bit of a) computer geek.

·         I’m a (bit of a) shopaholic.

·         I’m a (bit of a) workaholic.

·         I’m a bit of a risk taker / adrenalin junky / daredevil.

·         I like to recharge my batteries at the weekend.

·         I like to get away from the hustle and bustle of my job / school / the city.

·         The word is on the tip of my tongue

·         The word escapes me at the moment but….

·         I’m hooked on (Game of Thrones)

·         I’m a (bit of a) girly girl.

·         (Boys) I like sport, beer, and women.

·         I’m a (bit of a) man’s man.

·         I’m in tip top condition.

English/Education

·         I am / was a teacher’s pet / top of my class at school.

·         English is a requirement of my course / job.

·         If you want to get ahead in life you need English.

·         I’ve been studying English for ages.

·         I’ve been studying English for as long as I can remember.

·         English is an essential / key part of my everyday life.

 

 

Typical Speaking Part 1 Questions

  • What are you particular likes and dislikes?
  • What do you look for in a friend?
  • Describe your best friend.
  • What type of holidays do you enjoy?
  • Where do you see yourself in 5 years’ time?
  • How important will English be in your future?
  • Tell me about your family.
  • What type of family do you have?
Posted in Exam Preparation Class, Vocabulary Classes

CAE Word Formation Practice

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Here’s a worksheet for CAE students to help them prepare for part 3 of the use of English paper. Download the worksheet and key below, I found the exercises on quizlet so full credit to evatrn for making the set. Use the quizlet set below to revise.

Word Formation Practice

Word Formation Key

Quizlet Word Formation set

Worksheet

  1. Remember to _______ patients twice daily at 8.00am and 8.00pm. WEIGHT
  2. Why do you always want to go with those ignorant ___ people? WORTH
  3. This is the most interesting ___ I’ve ever seen. PERFORM
  4. Are you ___ of sailing in the prevailing conditions? ABLE
  5. Such an act would have been deceitful and ___ . RESPONSIBILITY
  6. There is already enough ___ without that, you know. PRESS
  7. You’d ___ too many people off with that speech. FRIGHT
  8. We must experience ___, pain, and death because we are alive. ANXIOUS
  9. I feel ___ about including the last sentence. HESITATE
  10. Now surely our ___ government must go. CREDIT
  11. The handshake is a basic gesture of ___ .FRIEND
  12. They fell into a ___ sleep which lasted until they were rediscovered in 1878. MIRACLE
  13. I’ve had a very sheltered ___, so this has really been an eye-opener. BRING
  14. The music was ___ loud, you couldn’t hear yourself think. BELIEVE
  15. Silk is always wonderful too, even if it’s totally ___ . PRACTICE
  16. People are being ________ into parting with their money. LEAD
  17. The government stopped funding ______ industries. PROFIT
  18. It’s normal for there to be _______ between brothers and sisters. COMPETE
  19. Walking the dog is ideal exercise for anyone and the fresh air will be ___ too. BENEFIT
  20. Her face was blotched and ___ with crying. SWELL
  21. There is a growing ______ that she will resign. BELIEVE
  22. It should come as no surprise that cycling builds leg ___ . STRONG
  23. He helped his underage son _______ his birth date to illegally obtain a driver’s license. FALSE
  24. All ___ must be over 18. APPLY
  25. It’s an ___ and dangerous policy. LOGIC
  26. As he was watching them, his eyes began to ___ in astonishment. WIDE
  27. Doctors have developed a new, modern ___ technique involving ultra-sound. PAIN
  28. There is a feeling of isolation and professional ___ in schools. SECURE
  29. Many candidates showed little ___ of the problems from the headhunter’s point of view. APPRECIATE
  30. Do these goods comply with our safety _________? REQUIRE
  31. We were unable to establish_______ of her innocence. PROVE
  32. An attempt is also being made to ___ textures and symbols where possible. STANDARD
  33. He took to it like the ___ fish to water. PROVERB
  34. In all ___________ the vase was made in the seventeenth century.LIKELY
  35. He’s definitely someone very nervy, very jumpy and basically___ . SECURITY
  36. ‘I regret, I cannot offer any ___, Madame’ he said with a smile. REFRESH
  37. He’s like a politician who wants to convince you of his _____. SINCERE
  38. There’s no damage done, there’s no ___ . THIEF
  39. But the level of social welfare was so high that poverty was ___ . THINK
  40. The first thing he discovered was that Newley had not died ___ . ACCIDENT
  41. The whole method is a form of ___ . SIMPLE
  42. But are we allowing ourselves to be carried away by false ___? VAIN
  43. Moments before there was a ___ with a car. COLLIDE
  44. It was not, he admits, the wisest ___ for a beginner. CHOOSE
  45. You can hold the snake: it’s _____. HARM
  46. The government is noted for its ___________ drugs policy. COMPROMISE
  47. He admired the ___ of relationships he saw around him. WARM
  48. We have caused enough harm by our ___, irresponsible, selfish behaviour. THINK
  49. But not all ___ are valid in reference to pedagogy. IMPLY
  50. And he accepts that he set out on the lonely road to ___ too early in life. STAR
  51. Critics say he has been weak and _______ . DECIDE
  52. He tried to look ___, but it didn’t work. APOLOGY
  53. The country will _______ currency controls to encourage spending abroad. LOOSE
  54. For some _______ reason, she chose that moment to break the news. EXPLAIN
  55. We spend $5 million a year on _________. ADVERTISEMENT
  56. Which women do you ___ about? FANTASY
  57. Every time the pictorial elements were similar, if not almost ___ . IDENTITY
  58. All this she heard, even understood, but still she was ___ . SPEAK
  59. The jury found the doctor criminally _______. NEGLECT
  60. She’s made an official ___ .COMPLAIN
  61. The economies of Western Europe and Japan experienced ___ growth. PRECEDE
  62. The system is liable to suffer from ___ of the type discussed above. ACCURATE
  63. It was a ___ room with a deep bay window overlooking the river. SPACE
  64. In that case, young lady, you would have my undying ___ . GRATEFUL
  65. It was very __________ of you. Thank you. CONSIDER
  66. It would be much more ___ for you to marry a woman with money. SENSE
  67. The tension in the room seemed ___ . ENDURE
  68. Winners will be _______as soon as possible. NOTE
  69. The evidence from ___ times can seldom be interpreted with any certainty. HISTORY
  70. ‘Play’ and ‘game’ are used ____- it does not matter which. CHANGE

Key

  1. weigh Remember to _______ patients twice daily at 8.00am and 8.00pm. WEIGHT
  2. worthless Why do you always want to go with those ignorant ___ people? WORTH
  3. performance This is the most interesting ___ I’ve ever seen. PERFORM
  4. capable Are you ___ of sailing in the prevailing conditions? ABLE
  5. irresponsible Such an act would have been deceitful and ___ . RESPONSIBILITY
  6. pressure There is already enough ___ without that, you know. PRESS
  7. frighten You’d ___ too many people off with that speech. FRIGHT
  8. anxiety We must experience ___, pain, and death because we are alive. ANXIOUS
  9. hesitant I feel ___ about including the last sentence. HESITATE
  10. discredited Now surely our ___ government must go. CREDIT
  11. friendship The handshake is a basic gesture of ___ .FRIEND
  12. miraculous They fell into a ___ sleep which lasted until they were rediscovered in 1878. MIRACLE
  13. upbringing I’ve had a very sheltered ___, so this has really been an eye-opener. BRING
  14. unbelievably The music was ___ loud, you couldn’t hear yourself think. BELIEVE
  15. impractical Silk is always wonderful too, even if it’s totally ___ . PRACTICE
  16. misled People are being ________ into parting with their money. LEAD
  17. unprofitable The government stopped funding ______ industries. PROFIT
  18. competition It’s normal for there to be _______ between brothers and sisters. COMPETE
  19. beneficial Walking the dog is ideal exercise for anyone and the fresh air will be ___ too. BENEFIT
  20. swollen Her face was blotched and ___ with crying. SWELL
  21. belief There is a growing ______ that she will resign. BELIEVE
  22. strength It should come as no surprise that cycling builds leg ___ . STRONG
  23. falsify He helped his underage son _______ his birth date to illegally obtain a driver’s license.FALSE
  24. applicants All ___ must be over 18. APPLY
  25. illogical It’s an ___ and dangerous policy. LOGIC
  26. widen As he was watching them, his eyes began to ___ in astonishment. WIDE
  27. painless Doctors have developed a new, modern ___ technique involving ultra-sound. PAIN
  28. insecurity There is a feeling of isolation and professional ___ in schools. SECURE
  29. appreciation Many candidates showed little ___ of the problems from the headhunter’s point of view. APPRECIATE
  30. requirement Do these goods comply with our safety _________? REQUIRE
  31. proof We were unable to establish_______ of her innocence. PROVE
  32. standardise An attempt is also being made to ___ textures and symbols where possible. STANDARD
  33. proverbial He took to it like the ___ fish to water. PROVERB
  34. likelihood In all ___________ the vase was made in the seventeenth century.LIKELY
  35. insecure He’s definitely someone very nervy, very jumpy and basically___ . SECURITY
  36. refreshment ‘I regret, I cannot offer any ___, Madame’ he said with a smile. REFRESH
  37. sincerity He’s like a politician who wants to convince you of his _____. SINCERE
  38. theft There’s no damage done, there’s no ___ . THIEF
  39. unthinkable But the level of social welfare was so high that poverty was ___ . THINK
  40. accidentally The first thing he discovered was that Newley had not died ___ . ACCIDENT
  41. simplification The whole method is a form of ___ . SIMPLE
  42. vanity But are we allowing ourselves to be carried away by false ___? VAIN
  43. collision Moments before there was a ___ with a car. COLLIDE
  44. CHOICE It was not, he admits, the wisest ___ for a beginner. CHOOSE
  45. harmless You can hold the snake: it’s harmless. HARM
  46. uncompromising The government is noted for its ___________ drugs policy.. COMPROMISE
  47. warmth He admired the ___ of relationships he saw around him. WARM
  48. thoughtless We have caused enough harm by our ___, irresponsible, selfish behaviour. THINK
  49. implications But not all ___ are valid in reference to pedagogy. IMPLY
  50. stardom And he accepts that he set out on the lonely road to ___ too early in life. STAR
  51. indecisive Critics say he has been weak and _______ . DECIDE
  52. apologetic He tried to look ___, but it didn’t work. APOLOGY
  53. loosen The country will _______ currency controls to encourage spending abroad.  LOOSE
  54. inexplicable For some _______ reason, she chose that moment to break the news. EXPLAIN
  55. advertising We spend $5 million a year on _________. ADVERTISEMENT
  56. fantasize Which women do you ___ about?FANTASY
  57. identical Every time the pictorial elements were similar, if not almost ___ . IDENTITY
  58. speechless All this she heard, even understood, but still she was ___ . SPEAK
  59. negligent The jury found the doctor criminally _______. NEGLECT
  60. complaint She’s made an official ___ .COMPLAIN
  61. unprecedented The economies of Western Europe and Japan experienced ___ growth. PRECEDE
  62. inaccuracies The system is liable to suffer from ___ of the type discussed above. ACCURATE
  63. spacious It was a ___ room with a deep bay window overlooking the river. SPACE
  64. gratitude In that case, young lady, you would have my undying ___ . GRATEFUL
  65. considerate It was very __________ of you. Thank you. CONSIDER
  66. sensible It would be much more ___ for you to marry a woman with money. SENSE
  67. unendurable The tension in the room seemed ___ . ENDURE
  68. notified Winners will be _______as soon as possible. NOTE
  69. prehistoric The evidence from ___ times can seldom be interpreted with any certainty. HISTORY
  70. interchangeably ‘Play’ and ‘game’ are used ____- it does not matter which. CHANGE