Posted in Conversation Classes, Listening Classes, Video Classes

Past Modals of Deduction: The Hangover

hangover

This is a lesson plan based around the theme of hangovers in which students get to grips with past modals of deduction, and question formation.

Introduction

What is hangover?

Do you get hangovers?

When was the last time you had one?

What’s the worst hangover you can remember?

Do any specific drinks give you a worse hangover?

Part 1:

Give out the situation handout.

Read out the situation and clear up any vocabulary issues.

You wake up on your sofa with a very sore head. Your friends are all sleeping on the floor of the living room. One of your friends is wearing a wedding dress. You have a big bruise on your knee. There is an unfamiliar cat walking around the room. The room smells of vomit. Your car is not outside.

What happened last night???

Possible past actions Could/might/may have + past part.

 

My friend might have got married!
Almost certain past actions

 

Must have + past part. We must have got really drunk.
Impossible past actions

 

Can’t have + past part. I can’t have driven home.
Expressing regret

 

Should/shouldn’t have + past part. We shouldn’t have drunk so much.

 

First brainstorm the questions for the mysteries.

Where did I leave the car?

Where did the cat come from?

Why is my friend wearing a wedding dress?

Why did I fall asleep on the sofa?

Why does my head hurt?

How did I hurt my knee?

Why does the house smell like vomit?

Part 2

Tell students you are going to show them a clip from the film “The Hangover” that contains a similar situation. Tell them that while they watch they should make a note of the different mysteries.

After watching brainstorm the mysteries, putting all of them on the board paying special attention to question formation.

Then have students speculate on the mysteries using past modals of deduction.

Follow up

Put students in groups and have them write new hangover situations with lots of mysteries, they then exchange situations with another group and speculate about each other’s situations.

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Author:

Barcelona based English Teacher, blogger and sometime actor and director.

10 thoughts on “Past Modals of Deduction: The Hangover

  1. This looks like a great way to introduce these modals. I’m going to try this on Monday. Hopefully my students were drinking at the weekend ))

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