This is a handout for CAE exam students. It contains a selection of the collocations, expressions, phrasal verbs and grammatical structures that can come up in the exam.
Download the hand out here:
|Carry out (do/perform) tests/experiments/studies/orders.
End up – We ended up sleeping in a doorway.
Run out (none left) – We’ve run out of milk.
Run short/low on (not have much left) – we’re running short on milk.
Lead to (cause) – The accident led to huge traffic jams on the main road.
Meet up with (people) – We always meet up at the same café on Sunday afternoon.
Take up space/time – We threw our old sofa out because it took up too much space. I can’t do yoga anymore; it takes up too much of my time.
Stand out (be obviously different) – Alan is 185cm at 14 so he really stands out in his class.
|Take after (a parent) (inherit their traits/characteristics) – Neil really takes after his Dad, their mannerisms are exactly the same.
Call for (require) – This job calls for a good head for numbers.
Meet with (encounter) problems/reactions – Joe’s plans for the company met with angry reactions from the employees.
To wear out (to be damaged with use/tired) – The two kids wear me out so much at the weekend. My tires are completely worn out; I need to buy new ones.
Put in (effort/time) – I put a lot of time and effort into the project.
Cut down on (consume less) – I’m going to cut down on cigarettes.
|A head for figures/numbers (talent)
On an annual/daily basis (every year/day)
An error of judgement
Loose clothes, a loose tooth, the animals got loose (escaped)
Run a business (manage)
A spot of rain, a spot for a picnic, To spot something (see)
Put something to use
Make use of something
Have a vast impact on st
A fall/drop/rise in the number of…
Come to light
Herds of dinosaurs/cows
Operate on a person
Disposal of waste/waste disposal
The state of the environment
A pressing problem
Confront/face a problem/be confronted/faced with a problem
Life support systems
Set fire to st
A risk of fire
It soon became clear
Keep an area clear
Short space of time
release a film/CD/album
Release fumes into the atmosphere
A great deal of + uncountable noun (a lot of)
A point of interest
Pursue a hobby/leisure activity
A small/large sum of money
|A metre/day/etc. or so (approx.)
I think of him as a father figure
As much (noun) as possible
Run into trouble (encounter problems)
Take somebody on a tour
… will be followed by…
It follows that (therefore/so)
Even the (superlative) bravest person would be scared.
Contrary to popular belief…
Behind/ahead of schedule
What do you make of this? (think about)
|To make (quite) a name for oneself
I’d be grateful if you could…
This belongs to me
… is nowhere near…
… isn’t anywhere near…
… proved to be… (turned out)
Well over + number (there were well over 100 people at the event)
…is/are considered to be
… would make an excellent/terrible… (doctor/parent etc.)
It’s hard to believe that…
Prevent something from happening
At the height of his fame/success
In (his/its etc.) heyday
At its height (the height of its success/fame)
Common Key Word Transformation Expressions and Grammar
|Would rather (not) do something (no to)
Would prefer (not) to do something
Deny + gerund – She denied having stolen/stealing the money
Accuse sb of + gerund
Spend time doing st
It took me (10 mins) to do ….
In spite of/Despite never having done st….
In spite of/Despite + noun
Get something done – I need to get my passport renewed
Were to + inf in conditionals. If I were to win the lottery, I would…
In the process of doing st – the house is in the process of being rebuilt
We wasted little time (in) starting the game.
|There wasn’t a single… left.
Have great difficulty (in) doing st – he had great difficulty opening the box.
I can’t make it (come) to the meeting.
On no account/under no circumstances + should/must/to be – On no account should this door be opened. Under no circumstances am I to be disturbed.
As far as… Is concerned… is… – As far as computers are concerned, John is a real expert.
It was only when …. That …. – It was only when I arrived home that I realised I had been robbed.
Just about to do st
To be on the point of doing st – I was just about to open the door when the phone rang.
The lack/absence of … caused…