Posted in Exam Preparation Class, Grammar Classes, Vocabulary Classes

CAE use of English useful language

This is a handout for CAE exam students. It contains a selection of the collocations, expressions, phrasal verbs and grammatical structures that can come up in the exam.

Download the hand out here:

CAE expressions collocations etc

Phrasal Verbs

Carry out (do/perform) tests/experiments/studies/orders.

End up – We ended up sleeping in a doorway.

Run out (none left) – We’ve run out of milk.

Run short/low on (not have much left) – we’re running short on milk.

Lead to (cause) – The accident led to huge traffic jams on the main road.

Meet up with (people) – We always meet up at the same café on Sunday afternoon.

Take up space/time – We threw our old sofa out because it took up too much space. I can’t do yoga anymore; it takes up too much of my time.

Stand out (be obviously different) – Alan is 185cm at 14 so he really stands out in his class.

Take after (a parent) (inherit their traits/characteristics) – Neil really takes after his Dad, their mannerisms are exactly the same.

Call for (require) – This job calls for a good head for numbers.

Meet with (encounter) problems/reactions – Joe’s plans for the company met with angry reactions from the employees.

To wear out (to be damaged with use/tired) – The two kids wear me out so much at the weekend. My tires are completely worn out; I need to buy new ones.

Put in (effort/time) – I put a lot of time and effort into the project.

Cut down on (consume less) – I’m going to cut down on cigarettes.

Collocations

A head for figures/numbers (talent)

On an annual/daily basis (every year/day)

An error of judgement

Loose clothes, a loose tooth, the animals got loose (escaped)

Run a business (manage)

A spot of rain, a spot for a picnic, To spot something (see)

Put something to use

Make use of something

Have a vast impact on st

A fall/drop/rise in the number of…

River bank

Sea shore

Clearly distinguishable

Come to light

Animal behaviour

Herds of dinosaurs/cows

Operate machinery

Operate on a person

Raw materials

Disposal of waste/waste disposal

The state of the environment

A pressing problem

Confront/face a problem/be confronted/faced with a problem

Life support systems

Set fire to st

A risk of fire

It soon became clear

Keep an area clear

Short space of time

parking space

release a film/CD/album

Release fumes into the atmosphere

A great deal of + uncountable noun (a lot of)

Snow-capped mountains

A point of interest

Pursue a hobby/leisure activity

A small/large sum of money

Expressions

A metre/day/etc. or so (approx.)

I think of him as a father figure

As much (noun) as possible

Upside-down

Back-to-front

Inside-out

Run into trouble (encounter problems)

Take somebody on a tour

… will be followed by…

It follows that (therefore/so)

Even the (superlative) bravest person would be scared.

Contrary to popular belief…

Behind/ahead of schedule

What do you make of this? (think about)

To make (quite) a name for oneself

I’d be grateful if you could…

This belongs to me

… is nowhere near…

… isn’t anywhere near…

… proved to be… (turned out)

Well over + number (there were well over 100 people at the event)

…is/are considered to be

… would make an excellent/terrible… (doctor/parent etc.)

It’s hard to believe that…

Prevent something from happening

At the height of his fame/success

In (his/its etc.) heyday

At its height (the height of its success/fame)

Common Key Word Transformation Expressions and Grammar

Would rather (not) do something (no to)

Would prefer (not) to do something

Deny + gerund – She denied having stolen/stealing the money

Accuse sb of + gerund

Spend time doing st

It took me (10 mins) to do ….

In spite of/Despite never having done st….

In spite of/Despite + noun

Get something done – I need to get my passport renewed

Were to + inf in conditionals. If I were to win the lottery, I would…

In the process of doing st – the house is in the process of being rebuilt

We wasted little time (in) starting the game.

There wasn’t a single… left.

Have great difficulty (in) doing st – he had great difficulty opening the box.

I can’t make it (come) to the meeting.

On no account/under no circumstances + should/must/to be – On no account should this door be opened. Under no circumstances am I to be disturbed.

As far as… Is concerned… is… – As far as computers are concerned, John is a real expert.

It was only when …. That …. – It was only when I arrived home that I realised I had been robbed.

Just about to do st

To be on the point of doing st – I was just about to open the door when the phone rang.

The lack/absence of … caused…

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Author:

Barcelona based English Teacher, blogger and sometime actor and director.

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