Posted in Grammar Classes

Comparative/Superlative Reference Sheet

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A reference sheet with the grammatical rules for comparatives and superlatives.

Credit to http://english-zone.com/spelling/comparerules.html for the spelling rules.

Comparatives and Superlatives

Comparatives

Ronaldo is taller than Messi.

Physics is more difficult than French.

My sister is tidier than me.

Superlatives

Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.

…… is the most beautiful woman in the world.

….. is the most handsome man in the world.

Messi is the best footballer in the world.

Comparatives:

“Short adjectives” – with 1 syllable or 2 syllables that end in “y” + er than

 

John is shorter than Nigel.

Jane is older than Peter.

Teachers are busier than students.

Busy – “y” changes to “I”

Other “y” adjectives: funny, messy, tidy, hungry.

Superlatives:

Adjectives with 1 syllable or 2 syllables that end in “y” + the …..est

 

The Nile is the longest river.

The Amazon is the widest.

My son is the messiest child in his class.

“Long” adjectives: difficult/beautiful/handsome

+ more + adjective + than

 

Physics is more difficult than French.

Natalie Portman is more beautiful than Scarlett Johansson.

“Long” adjectives: difficult/beautiful/handsome

+ the most + adjective

 

…….. is the most handsome man in the world.

……… is the most beautiful woman.

Irregular comparatives/superlatives

Adjective Comparative Superlative
Good Better The best
Bad Worse The worst
Far Further/farther The furthest/farthest
Spelling rules for “short adjectives”

Change the Y to I and add -er /-est
Examples:

pretty =  prettier

happy =  happier

busy = busier

If the adjective has a CVC pattern, double the consonant and add -er.

Examples:

wet  =  wetter

big  =  bigger

sad = sadder

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Author:

Barcelona based English Teacher, blogger and sometime actor and director.

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