Posted in Exam Preparation Class, Vocabulary Classes

We’re BFFs! Friendship Expressions

Image credit: www.zazzle.com.au

Follow me on twitter @RobbioDobbio

This is a worksheet on expressions related to friendship for higher level learners. I designed it with CAE students in mind. Download the worksheet and key below:

bffs-4-eva update

Have students complete the worksheet in pairs and then personalise the expressions so that they are true for them.

BFFs!

Match the expressions on the left with the simple definition on the right.

1.       My best friend and I have been through thick and thin together.

2.       My best friend is such a good laugh.

3.       My best friend and I are like brothers/sisters from another mother.

4.       I can always turn to my friend for advice or help.

5.       My best friend always stands up for me in an argument or fight.

6.       I know that my best friend has got my back if there’s any trouble.

7.       If I tell my friend a secret, I know that their lips are sealed. They would never spill the beans.

8.       My best friend is definitely not a fair-weather friend.

9.       My best friend and I are lifelong friends.

10.   My best friend from primary school and I have drifted apart.

11.   My best friend and I are joined at the hip.

12.   I often crash at my friend’s house at the weekend.

a.       My best friend isn’t a person who is only around for the good times.

b.      My best friend from primary and I have slowly lost contact.

c.       My best friend is very trustworthy and good at keeping secrets.

d.      My best friend and I spend almost all our time together.

e.       My best friend is very funny.

f.        I often sleep over at my friend’s house.

g.       My best friend and I have experienced both good and bad times together.

h.      I know my best friend will defend me if anything bad happens.

i.         My best friend always defends me in a fight or argument.

j.        My best friend and I are very similar.

k.       If I have a problem, I can always talk about it with my friend.

l.         My best friend and I have been friends for a very long time.

 

Complete the sentences

Try to complete the sentences from memory

  1. I won’t tell anyone, my lips ________ _________.
  2. You’re such a ________________, as soon as there are any problems you disappear!
  3. I always see those two together, they’re practically joined _____ ______ _______.
  4. Jenifer spilt ______ ________ to everyone at the party about Sarah and Johnny.
  5. Don’t worry, if they start a fight I’ve _____ ______ ______. I’ll definitely stand _____ _____ ______.
  6. Freddy was there for me when my dog died but also when I got my dream job, we’ve been __________ ______________ ____________ _______________ _____________.
  7. I don’t know what happened, we were best friends at uni but I guess we just _________ __________.
  8. It’s getting late and I can’t be bothered to walk home can I ___________ _________ yours tonight?
  9. I always have so much fun with Tony, he’s such a __________ __________.
  10. We’re so similar it’s ridiculous we’re like _________ ____________ ___________ _______________.

Describe a close friend to your partner using as many expressions as you can.

Key

  1. G
  2. E
  3. J
  4. K
  5. I
  6. H
  7. C
  8. A
  9. L
  10. B
  11. D
  12. F

Sentence completion

  1. Are sealed
  2. Fair-weather friend
  3. At the hip
  4. The beans
  5. Got your back, up for you
  6. Through thick and thin together
  7. Drifted apart
  8. Crash at
  9. Good laugh
  10. Brothers/sisters from another mother
Posted in Vocabulary Classes

Proverbs

Image credit: englishbookgeorgia.com

Follow me on twitter @RobbioDobbio

This is a lesson plan for higher level learners (C1+) in which students learn some common English proverbs. Download the worksheet and key below:

Proverbs

Matching

Match the different sentence halves to form English proverbs.

1.       Where there’s a will

2.       Don’t look a gift horse

3.       If it ain’t broke,

4.       Beggars can’t

5.       Too many cooks

6.       There’s no such thing

7.       People who live in glass houses

8.       Two wrongs

9.       The squeaky wheel

10.   Don’t put all your eggs

11.   Two heads

12.   Don’t count your chickens

a.       Be choosers

b.      Before they hatch

c.       Spoil the broth

d.      There’s a way

e.      Are better than one

f.        As a free lunch

g.       In the mouth

h.      In one basket

i.         Shouldn’t throw stones

j.        Gets the grease

k.       Don’t fix it

l.         Don’t make a right

Meaning

Now match the proverb to its definition:

  1. Getting revenge will only make things worse.
  2. Don’t criticise people if you’ve got imperfections too.
  3. If something is working well, why change it?
  4. If you’re desperate you’re not in a position to be picky.
  5. If you complain about a situation you’re more likely to get better service.
  6. Have a backup plan. Don’t risk all of your money and time on one plan.
  7. If there are too many people involved in making a decision, it won’t turn out well.
  8. If someone gives you a present, don’t question it.
  9. Two people will probably solve a problem faster than one.
  10. Your plan might not work out. Don’t assume they are going to work out and start celebrating or planning the next step too early.
  11. If something is free, there’s normally a catch or hidden cost.
  12. If you really want something, you’ll find a way to achieve it.

Processing

  1. Which proverbs are the same in your language?
  2. In which ones is the meaning obvious?
  3. Which ones will you remember?
  4. Which ones will you forget?
  5. Which one is your favourite?
  6. What image do you associate with each proverb?

 

Picture Match

Match the picture to the proverb (only show up on the handout 😦 )

 
     

 

Scenarios

Match the scenario to proverb.

  1. Just because he cheated on you doesn’t mean you should cheat on him.
  2. The Christmas play is going to be awful because there are 5 different directors!
  3. I gave him my old bike for free and now he’s complaining about the tyres.
  4. I know they said we only have to go to the timeshare presentation to get the free camera but I smell a rat.
  5. I’ll ask Julia for what she thinks; we’ll work on it together.
  6. He’s desperate to go travelling in the summer but he’ll have to save up a lot of money first.
  7. Is your soup cold too? We should say something.
  8. You can talk Martin! You drink just as much as Tony does!
  9. I just think we should have something else up our sleeve if they don’t like the first idea.
  10. Hold your horses, we haven’t won the competition yet so stop planning how you’re going to spend the prize money.
  11. It’s the only room you can afford, so it’s take it or leave it I’m afraid.
  12. The new accounts system is working really well but I hear they’re thinking of changing it again.

Test

In pairs, take it in turns to read out the first half of a proverb to your partner, they must complete it.

A: Too many cooks…

B: Spoil the broth.

Personalise

Choose 3 proverbs and try to relate them to a time in your life. Write three sentences.

Key

Matching

1.       D

2.       G

3.       K

4.       A

5.       C

6.       F

7.       I

8.       L

9.       J

10.   H

11.   E

12.   B

Meaning

1.       Two wrongs don’t make a right

2.       People who live in glass houses…

3.       If it ain’t broke…

4.       Beggars can’t be choosers

5.       The squeaky wheel

6.       Don’t put all your eggs in…

7.       Too many cooks…

8.       Don’t look a gift horse…

9.       Two heads are better than one

10.   Don’t count your chickens…

11.   There’s no such thing as a…

12.   Where there’s a will…

Picture Match

1.       Too many cooks…

2.       Don’t put all your eggs…

3.       Don’t count your chickens…

4.       Don’t look a gift horse in…

5.       People who live in…

6.       2 wrongs don’t make a right

7.       2 heads are better than 1

8.       There’s no such thing as a free lunch

Scenarios

1.       2 wrongs don’t make a right

2.       Too many cooks…

3.       Don’t look a gift horse…

4.       There’s no such thing as…

5.       2 heads are better than one

6.       Where there’s a will there’s a way

7.       The squeaky wheel…

8.       People in glass houses…

9.       Don’t put all your eggs in one…

10.   Don’t count your chickens…

11.   Beggars can’t be choosers

12.   If it ain’t broke…

Posted in Vocabulary Classes, Young Learners

Vocabulary Memory Game

memory game photo

Follow me on twitter @RobbioDobbio

This is a fun memory game for young learners similar to my “there was/there were” activity.

Stage one

Put students in teams of 2-3. Project the image above onto the board and give students 1 minute to memorise as many of the things as they can. Then give students a pen and paper, they have to write as many of the things as they can in complete sentences:

There was a pen on the table.

There were some coins next to the ping pong ball.

The winning team is the one who remembers the most things. Award extra points for correct use of there was/were and prepositions of place: next to, between, on the right/left of…

Stage two

Give each group a sheet of blank paper, give them two minutes to fill the paper with little drawings of objects. The objects must be easy to identify and they have to know the name of the object in English.

Groups then swap their pieces of paper and they have 1 minute to memorise all the things the other group have drawn on their paper. They then write out the sentences like before and the team with the most correct is the winner.

Posted in Exam Preparation Class, Vocabulary Classes

CAE Phrasal Verbs Worksheet #3

Image credit: bemoxie.org

Follow me on twitter @RobbioDobbio

This is a worksheet for CAE students in which they learn and practice 12 typical C1 phrasal verbs. Download it below:

CAE Phrasal Verbs 3

Definition Match

Match the phrasal verbs in bold with their definitions.

  1. The comedian did a routine about being drunk at work and the audience lapped it up.
  2. If we get beaten by the junior team we’ll never live it down so we have to play well.
  3. In the past people used to just live off the land, nowadays we’re so dependent on shops for everything.
  4. We spent 3 weeks in India and then we moved on to Thailand. I think we’ve finished talking about that topic, shall we move on to the next one?
  5. As soon as I turn 18, I’m going to move out of my parents’ house and get my own flat.
  6. I lived in Brazil for two months, I didn’t do any classes but I managed to pick up a bit of Portuguese.
  7. You should come shopping with us, we’ll pick you out a nice shirt for the wedding.
  8. Driver! Driver! Pull over! I’m going to be sick!
  9. I’ve got a tonne of work to do but I keep putting it off. I’ll have to do it soon.
  10. I’ve been travelling around all my life. Now I think I’d like to settle down and start a family.
  11. The new school was a bit scary at first but I’m settling in
  12. We finished our drinks, settled up with the waiter and left.
a.        Learn/acquire without effort

b.       Be allowed to forget st

c.        Really enjoy st

d.       Pay what you owe

e.       Leave a house to live somewhere else

f.         To stop moving and permanently live somewhere

g.        To drive to the side of the road and stop

h.       Choose st from a selection

i.         Rely on st to survive

j.         To start to feel safe and comfortable in a place

k.        To postpone

l.         To leave a place and travel to another

Testing

You and your partner have 1 minute to study the phrasal verbs before another pair tests you on them.

Questions

Complete the questions with the phrasal verbs then ask and answer them with a partner.

  1. Do you trust your friends to ______ ______ nice clothes for you when you’re shopping? What about your parents?
  2. How are you _________ ______ in class? Do you feel comfortable? How long did it take you to _______ ___ when you first joined your school/workplace?
  3. What’s the best place to _________ _______ and start a family, the countryside or a big city? Why?
  4. Do you think you could _______ ______ the land? Could you ______ ______ €50 a week?
  5. When was the last time you ________ _____ a performance? What was it? Why was it so good?
  6. Are you _______ ______ any work at the moment? When are you going to do it?
  7. Have you or your parents ever been _______ ______ by the police? Have you ever had to ______ ______ to be sick?
  8. When do you want to/When did you _______ ______ of your parents’ house?
  9. Has anything really embarrassing happened to you that you will never ______ ______? Has anything really embarrassing ever happened to your friends or family that they will never _____ _____?
  10. When you go abroad do you tend to ______ _____ a bit of the language?

Key

Definition Match

  1. C
  2. B
  3. H
  4. K
  5. E
  6. A
  7. H
  8. G
  9. K
  10. F
  11. J
  12. D

Questions

  1. Pick out
  2. Settling in – settle in
  3. Settle down
  4. Live off – live off
  5. Lapped up
  6. Putting off
  7. Pulled over – pull over
  8. Move out
  9. Live down – live down
  10. Pick up

 

Posted in Exam Preparation Class, Vocabulary Classes

CAE Phrasal Verb Worksheet #2

Image credit: www.cutoutpeople.com

Follow me on twitter @RobbioDobbio

This is another worksheet for CAE students to learn 12 phrasal verbs and us them in a discussion. Download the worksheet and key below, you can also use the quizlet set I have made that also contains the phrasal verbs from the first worksheet.

CAE Phrasal Verbs 2 key – Key

CAE phrasal verbs 2 – Worksheet

https://quizlet.com/123807629/cae-essential-phrasal-verbs-flash-cards/ – quizlet set

Worksheet

Definition Match

Match the phrasal verbs in bold with their definitions.

  1. The dinosaurs are thought to have died out millions of years ago.
  2. If someone doesn’t deal with the problem soon, it’s going to get much worse.
  3. I dropped off in the middle of the film and missed the end.
  4. He started a law degree but dropped out after 1 term because it was too hard.
  5. He fell asleep on the train and ended up in Glasgow!
  6. When she’s nervous she fiddles with her hair a lot.
  7. Being the only foreign girl in the school, at first it was difficult for her to fit in.
  8. Do you want to go for a coffee after class?
  9. Hhhmmm, I think I’ll go for the steak tartar please.
  10. The fire alarm went off and everybody had to evacuate.
  11. Are you sure it’s this way? Let’s just head for the city centre and hopefully we’ll find someone who speaks English.
  12. My brother walks so fast, it’s difficult to keep up with This course is really hard; I’m struggling to keep up with all the homework.
a.       Feel accepted + comfortable

b.      Choose

c.       Withdraw from/stop doing something

d.      Become extinct

e.      Go towards

f.        Finally be somewhere/do something

g.       Take action to solve/talk or work with

h.      Touch/move with no purpose

i.         Go somewhere to have something (break/drink etc.)

j.        Make a noise/start working

k.       Maintain the same speed as something/someone.

l.         Fall asleep without wanting to.

Collocation match

Some of the phrasal verbs above collocate with the words below. Put them together:

A bomb

An alarm clock _________

__________ a break/a cigarette/ a meal ____________ a competition/ a race/ school/ university
___________ jewellery/ a pen/ keys __________ a complaint/ people  

Question Completion

Complete the questions with the phrasal verbs:

  1. Have you ever _________ __________ in the cinema? Or in an embarrassing situation?
  2. What foods do you normally _______ ________ when you eat out?
  3. If you could bring one animal that has ________ ________ back to life as a pet, which would you choose and why?
  4. How often do you _______ _______ a break when you’re studying?
  5. Have you ever had to _______ ________ of a competition or course? If so why?
  6. Do you normally ______ _______ a problem straight away or put off for later?
  7. Have you ever got lost and _______ ______ in the wrong place?
  8. What’s the first thing you do after your alarm ________ _________ in the morning? Has the fire alarm ever _______ _________ at your school/workplace? Was it a false alarm?
  9. If you get lost in strange place, what’s the best place to __________ ___________?
  10. How important is it for you to ______ ________ in a new situation? Have you ever felt like you didn’t ______ _______? What did you do?
  11. What do you ________ _________ when you’re nervous?
  12. Do you find it hard to ________ _________  _________ the work you have to do? Do any of your friends speak so fast that it’s difficult to ________ _________?

Key

Definition match

  1. d
  2. g
  3. l
  4. c
  5. f
  6. h
  7. a
  8. i
  9. b
  10. j
  11. e
  12. k

Collocations

Some of the phrasal verbs above collocate with the words below. Put them together:

A bomb

An alarm clock goes off

Go for a break/a cigarette/ a meal Drop out of a competition/ a race/ school/ university
Fiddle with jewellery/ a pen/ keys Deal with a complaint/ people  

 

Question Completion

Complete the questions with the phrasal verbs:

  1. Have you ever dropped off in the cinema? Or in an embarrassing situation?
  2. What foods do you normally go for when you eat out?
  3. If you could bring one animal that has died out back to life as a pet, which would you choose and why?
  4. How often do you go for a break when you’re studying?
  5. Have you ever had to drop out of a competition or course? If so why?
  6. Do you normally deal with a problem straight away or put off for later?
  7. Have you ever got lost and ended up in the wrong place?
  8. What’s the first thing you do after your alarm goes off in the morning? Has the fire alarm ever gone off at your school/workplace? Was it a false alarm?
  9. If you get lost in strange place, what’s the best place to head for?
  10. How important is it for you to fit in in a new situation? Have you ever felt like you didn’t fit in? What did you do?
  11. What do you fiddle with when you’re nervous?
  12. Do you find it hard to keep up with the work you have to do? Do any of your friends speak so fast that it’s difficult to keep up?
Posted in Vocabulary Classes

10 CAE Phrasal Verbs

Image credit: forevertwentysomethings.com

Follow me on twitter @RobbioDobbio

This is a worksheet for C1 students in which they learn 10 phrasal verbs and put them into practice in conversation. Download the worksheet and key below:

CAE Phrasal Verbs

CAE Phrasal Verbs key

Definition Match

Match the phrasal verbs in bold with the definitions below.

  1. I told him to stop texting his ex-girlfriend but he didn’t act on my advice and now his new girlfriend has found out!
  2. Remember to back all your important files up on a pendrive so you don’t lose them.
  3. What are you up to this weekend? The children are very quiet upstairs, they must be up to
  4. He broke the cake up into 4 pieces and shared them out. The teacher ran down to the playground and broke up the fight.
  5. There are 100 protestors outside calling for the president’s resignation.
  6. The match has been called off due to the torrential rain.
  7. I need to throw so much stuff away, I have tonnes of books cluttering up my room.
  8. While I was cleaning out the attic I came across my old secondary school photo album, it’s so funny.
  9. I’ll come round after school and drop the books off.
  10. I’m finding it hard to cope with the amount of homework they teacher keeps giving me.
a.       Pay a quick visit

b.      divide into parts/end/separate

c.       demand

d.      fill untidily

e.      save a copy

f.        follow a recommendation

g.       cancel

h.      deliver

i.         find unexpectedly

j.        do something  (sometimes something you shouldn’t do)

k.       manage/deal with

Picture Match

Match the phrasal verbs above to the pictures.  -pictures only show up on word doc :(-

Gap-fill Questions

Complete the questions with one of the phrasal verbs and then ask them to your partner.

  1. Do you usually ______ _______ your parents’ advice? Why? Why not? Have you ever not _______ ______ some advice and regretted it later?
  2. Is your room _________ ______ like the one in the picture above? If so what is it ___________ _____ with? Books? Clothes?
  3. Do people ever ___________ __________to your house unannounced?
  4. What’s the best way to ________ ________ a fight? Have you ever done it?
  5. How do you get to class? Do you travel alone or does someone _______ you ________ in a car?
  6. Do you always ________ ________ important files? If so where do you keep them? Have you ever lost an important document or file?
  7. When was the last time you ________ _________ something from your childhood that you hadn’t seen for ages?
  8. What does the political situation in your country at the moment _______ _______?
  9. What _______ you _______ ________ this weekend? What bad things did you used to get ______ ______ when you were younger?
  10. Can you ________ __________ the amount of work you have to do at the moment? What do you do to relieve stress?

Key

Definition Match

  1. F
  2. E
  3. J (be up to can simply mean “do something” but can also mean “do something naughty”)
  4. B
  5. C
  6. G
  7. D
  8. I
  9. A+H
  10. K

Picture Match

Come round Drop off Come across Back up
Break up Call off Call for Clutter up

 

Gap-fill questions

  1. Act on
  2. Cluttered up (x2)
  3. Come round
  4. Break up
  5. Drop off
  6. Back up
  7. Came across
  8. Call for
  9. Are you up to + up to
  10. Cope with
Posted in Conversation Classes, Reading Classes, TED Talk Lesson Plans, Video Classes

Kicking the Habit: TED Talk, Reading and Discussion

 

Image credit: ted.com

Follow me on twitter @RobbioDobbio

This is a lesson plan for C1+ students on the topic of bad habits based around a TED talk by Judson Brewer and an article from Yahoo Health. You can find the TED talk, students’ handout, reading text and teacher’s notes below:

TED Bad habits sts copy – Students handout

TED bad habits teachers notes

Common Bad Habits – Reading Text

TED  – Breaking Bad Habits – Teacher’s Notes

Step 1: Expressions with habit

What do you think these expressions mean? Do they exist in your language?

He’s been smoking since he was 15 years old and he just can’t kick the habit.

When my grandad retired he didn’t stop getting up at 6am and putting a suit on. Old habits die hard.

I could never go backpacking I’m too much of a creature of habit, I can’t stand changes to my routine.

I’ve always written my essays at the last minute and I normally get good marks. Why break the habit of a lifetime?

Kick the habit = give up/quit a bad habit

Old habits die hard = it’s difficult to stop a habit you’ve been doing for a long time

A creature of habit = someone who likes the security of a routine

Why break the habit of a lifetime? = something you say to a person you know isn’t going to change their habits.

Step 2: Brainstorm bad habits on the board

Step 3: Reading

Give out the reading handout, put students in groups of 3. Students read each section then discuss the meaning of the vocabulary in bold. Then they answer the discusssion questions. Then they move onto the next bad habit.

Step 4: TED Talk

Students watch the TED talk and answer the following questions:

What bad habits does he mention? Being unable to concentrate, phone/internet addiction, stress eating, smoking, distracting yourself from work.

What solution to these bad habits does he suggest? Using mindfulness to focus on the cravings we feel and see them as physical moments that pass.

After watching students discuss:

  1. What do you think of the talk?
  2. Do you have any of the bad habits he mentioned?
  3. Do you think mindfulness would work for you?
  4. Have you ever meditated? Would you consider it?

Step 5: Vocab Focus – Meaning from Context

Students try to guess the meaning of the expressions in bold from the context.

  1. When I was first learning to meditate, the instruction was to simply pay attention to my breath, and when my mind wandered, to bring it back.
  2. Why is it so hard to pay attention? Well, studies show that even when we’re really trying to pay attention to something — like maybe this talk — at some point, about half of us will drift off into a daydream, or have this urge to check our Twitter feed.
  3. Instead of this hunger signal coming from our stomach, this emotional signal — feeling sad — triggers that urge to eat.
  4. Maybe in our teenage years, we were a nerd at school, and we see those rebel kids outside smoking and we think, “Hey, I want to be cool.” So we start smoking. The Marlboro Man wasn’t a dork, and that was no accident.
  5. What if instead of fighting our brains, or trying to force ourselves to pay attention,we instead tapped into this natural, reward-based learning process?
  6. She moved from knowing in her head that smoking was bad for her to knowing it in her bones, and the spell of smoking was broken. She started to become disenchanted with her behavior.
  7. When the prefrontal cortex goes offline, we fall back into our old habits, which is why this disenchantment is so important.
  8. And this is what mindfulness is all about: Seeing really clearly what we get when we get caught up in our behaviors.
  9. We start to notice that cravings are simply made up of body sensations — oh, there’s tightness, there’s tension, there’s restlessness.
  10. These are bite-size pieces of experiences that we can manage from moment to moment rather than getting clobbered by this huge, scary craving that we choke on.

Mind wanders/drift off into a daydream = get distracted

Have/get an urge to do something = a strong desire/impulse

Trigger (v) = activate/set off/cause to function

Nerd = unpopular, studious person

Dork = unpopular, studious person, more pejorative than nerd

Tap into = manage to use something in a way that gives good results. Get access to a resource. Collocations: tap into an energy source, tap into creativity, tap into the water supply.

Know in your bones = feel something using intuition, synonyms: know in my guts, a gut-feeling.

Break a spell = end magic/enchantment

Disenchanted = two meanings. 1. Free from illusion/magic 2. Disappointed, demotivated, disillusioned.

Fall back into old habits = return to old habits after having changed

Get caught up in st = to become completely involved in something, normally bad connotation.

Craving = a consuming desire, normally physical related to addiction.

Restlessness = a state of discomfort, can’t stay still/relax. A restless night.

Bite-size pieces = small easy to manage pieces

Get clobbered = to be beaten/hit severly

Choke on st = not able to breath because of something in your throat

Step 6: Sentence Completion

Students put the expressions from the vocab focus into the following sentences:

  1. He was always so restless at school, he couldn’t sit still for a second.
  2. I’m a bit weird, whenever I go near the edge of a cliff or a tall building I get the sudden urge to jump off!
  3. Don’t worry, everything is going to be alright, I don’t know how but I feel/know it in my bones.
  4. I managed to stop biting my fingernails for 6 months but recently, because of all the stress at work, I have fallen back into old habits.
  5. Most voters are completely disenchanted with politics in general and extremist politicians like Donald Trump are simply tapping into the anger and resentment.
  6. When my Mum was pregnant she had strong cravings for avocado even though she normally hates them.
  7. The earthquake triggered a huge tsunami that hit the coast at 10am.
  8. When I was at school I always used to get into trouble for drifting off into a daydream during class.
  9. 3 hours into the film I got a bit bored and my mind wandered to what I was going to have for dinner.
  10. A man suddenly started to choke on a prawn and a fellow diner had to give him the heimlich maneuver.
  11. I was definitely a bit of a nerd at school but I certainly wasn’t a dork.
  12. I got so caught up in the excitement of the party that I didn’t realise I had missed the last train home.
  13. He caught the rugby ball, turned around and was immediately clobbered by a huge opposition player.
  14. I broke the carrots up into bite-size pieces so that the children wouldn’t choke on

Step 7: Discussion

Students answer questions in pairs.

  1. Were you restless at school? Did you use to drift off into a daydream?
  2. Do you know the heimlich maneuver? Have you ever choked on anything?
  3. Were you a nerd when you were at school?
  4. Do you ever get so caught up in something that you lose all sense of time?
  5. Do you ever get the urge to do something silly or outrageous in social situations?
  6. Do you agree with sentence 5 above? What can we do to change the situation?

Students’ Handout

Expressions with habit

What do you think these expressions mean? Do they exist in your language?

He’s been smoking since he was 15 years old and he just can’t kick the habit.

When my grandad retired he didn’t stop getting up at 6am and putting a suit on. Old habits die hard.

I could never go backpacking I’m too much of a creature of habit, I can’t stand changes to my routine.

I’ve always written my essays at the last minute and I normally get good marks. Why break the habit of a lifetime?

TED Talk

  1. What bad habits does he mention?
  2. What solution to these bad habits does he suggest?

Discussion

  1. What do you think of the talk?
  2. Do you have any of the bad habits he mentioned?
  3. Do you think mindfulness would work for you?
  4. Have you ever meditated? Would you consider it?

Vocabulary Focus

Read the sentences from the transcript and discuss the words/expressions in bold with your partner.

  1. When I was first learning to meditate, the instruction was to simply pay attention to my breath, and when my mind wandered, to bring it back.
  2. Why is it so hard to pay attention? Well, studies show that even when we’re really trying to pay attention to something — like maybe this talk — at some point, about half of us will drift off into a daydream, or have this urge to check our Twitter feed.
  3. Instead of this hunger signal coming from our stomach, this emotional signal — feeling sad — triggers that urge to eat.
  4. Maybe in our teenage years, we were a nerd at school, and we see those rebel kids outside smoking and we think, “Hey, I want to be cool.” So we start smoking. The Marlboro Man wasn’t a dork, and that was no accident.
  5. What if instead of fighting our brains, or trying to force ourselves to pay attention,we instead tapped into this natural, reward-based learning process?
  6. She moved from knowing in her head that smoking was bad for her to knowing it in her bones, and the spell of smoking was broken. She started to become disenchanted with her behavior.
  7. When the prefrontal cortex goes offline, we fall back into our old habits, which is why this disenchantment is so important.
  8. And this is what mindfulness is all about: Seeing really clearly what we get when we get caught up in our behaviors.
  9. We start to notice that cravings are simply made up of body sensations — oh, there’s tightness, there’s tension, there’s restlessness.
  10. These are bite-size pieces of experiences that we can manage from moment to moment rather than getting clobbered by this huge, scary craving that we choke on.

 

Sentence Completion

Complete the sentences with the expressions above.

  1. He was always so ______________ at school, he couldn’t sit still for a second.
  2. I’m a bit weird, whenever I go near the edge of a cliff or a tall building I get the sudden __________ jump off!
  3. Don’t worry, everything is going to be alright, I don’t know how but I ______________________.
  4. I managed to stop biting my fingernails for 6 months but recently, because of all the stress at work, I have __________________________________.
  5. Most voters are completely __________________________ politics in general and extremist politicians like Donald Trump are simply ____________________________ the anger and resentment.
  6. When my Mum was pregnant she had strong _____________ for avocado even though she normally hates them.
  7. The earthquake _______________ a huge tsunami that hit the coast at 10am.
  8. When I was at school I always used to get into trouble for _______________________________ during class.
  9. 3 hours into the film I got a bit bored and my ____________________________ to what I was going to have for dinner.
  10. A man suddenly started to ________________ a prawn and a fellow diner had to give him the heimlich maneuver.
  11. I was definitely a bit of a _____________ at school but I certainly wasn’t a ____________.
  12. I _________________________________ in the excitement of the party that I didn’t realise I had missed the last train home.
  13. He caught the rugby ball, turned around and was immediately ___________________ by a huge opposition player.
  14. I broke the carrots up into __________________ so that the children wouldn’t ___________ them.

Discussion

  1. Were you restless at school? Did you use to drift off into a daydream?
  2. Do you know the heimlich maneuver? Have you ever choked on anything?
  3. Were you a nerd when you were at school?
  4. Do you ever get so caught up in something that you lose all sense of time?
  5. Do you ever get the urge to do something silly or outrageous in social situations?
  6. Do you agree with sentence 5 above? What can we do to change the situation?

Reading Text

Common Bad Habits

Everyone has habits that they would probably be better off without. You may not have any major vices but minor ones add up and deserve attention too. “The small stuff really matters in our lives,” says Elisha Goldstein, Ph.D., a clinical psychologist and author of Uncovering Happiness: Overcoming Depression with Mindfulness and Self-Compassion. “Life is full of the little things.”

In reality, you’re probably not eating poorly or shirking on sleep just once a month, but, more likely, multiple times a week. If you need some help identifying changes you might aim to make, here are some of the most common bad habits and two universal fixes from Goldstein about how we can change for the better.

Stress-Eating

We’re a country of high-stress and high-calorie foods, so it should be no surprise that emotional eating is a common issue. There are many reasons people turn to food when they experience negative emotions, like stress, sadness, and boredom. First of all, food can serve as a distraction from unpleasant goings-on. Research has also suggested that foods that are high in fat and sugar may actually (temporarily) quiet parts of the brain that create and process negative emotions.

  1. Do you stress eat? If so what?
  2. How do you relieve stress?

Sitting Around

Surveys have found that people, on average, spend more than six hours a day sitting. Many people sit while commuting, at work, and while unwinding at the end of the day. It may feel like your body is happier taking a seat, but spending so much time off your feet has serious health effects including increased risk of obesity, diabetes, cognitive decline (like dementia), cancer, bone loss, and even a weakened immune system.

  1. How much of the day do you spend sitting down?
  2. What do you think of the idea of a standing office? Or a standing school?

Not Getting Enough Sleep

Days can feel far too short, especially when you want to catch up with friends at a late dinner or binge-watch your favorite show. Late nights in moderation are okay but getting too little sleep — less than seven hours — on a regular basis can make you more prone to long-term diseases, like hypertension and diabetes, and even short-term illness. Being tired can also affect how you function during the daytime, making you less productive and more prone to errors and accidents.

  1. How much sleep do you need to function well?
  2. How much do you usually get?
  3. Are you more productive in the mornings or the evenings?

Over-Grooming

Picking at your nose and mouth and biting your nails are already social faux pas. They can also be bad for your health. As you should already know, our hands are usually teeming with nasty germs. Putting your fingers in your nose or mouth — even to fish unwanted spinach out of your teeth — is a good way to give those germs easy access to your body. Nail biting, in particular, can also raise your risk of getting skin infections on your fingers and spreading warts to other parts of your hand. In some cases, excessive grooming behaviors are considered a mental disorder related to obsessive-compulsive disorders.

  1. Do you bite your fingernails?
  2. Can you think of any other social faux pas’s? What topics are faux pas when your first meet someone?

Smoking

This may feel like beating a dead horse but more than 42 million people in the U.S. still smoke cigarettes. Although this number continues to drop, it’s good for people to remember why this habit is such a serious one. Smoking is known to cause several types of cancer — including cancers of the lung, mouth, stomach, and pancreas — and increases a person’s risk of heart disease. It’s also harmful to people who are inhaling second-hand smoke. Plus, smoking is expensive. Even a “cheap” $5 pack every day adds up to $1,825.00 each year.

  1. Do you smoke?
  2. Have you ever smoked? If so how did you quit?
  3. What’s the best way to quit smoking? Hypnosis? Acupuncture? Patches? Gum?

Skipping Breakfast

There are mixed findings about whether or not skipping breakfast can help people lose weight. Generally, experts support eating a healthy morning meal because it fuels your body and mind for the beginning of the day. Research has shown that people who eat breakfast perform better in school and at work. If that’s not enough incentive, a recent study from Harvard found that men who regularly skipped breakfast were 27 percent more likely to experience a heart attack or death from coronary heart disease.

  1. Do you have breakfast?
  2. Find out who has the healthiest breakfast in your group.
  3. What’s your favourite meal of the day?

Overspending

Another common bad habit is overspending, usually in the form of compulsive shopping. Credit is partially to blame because it is easy to obtain and use, helping people forgo responsibility and knowledge about their finances. Overspending is also an easy trap to fall into because buying things makes people feel good in many different ways. It can give us a sense of control and add some excitement to a dull day. Being able to spend money can also make us feel better about ourselves.

  1. Do you often overspend?
  2. Are you a compulsive shopper? If so what do you normally buy?

Listening to Loud Music

Hearing is something that often goes with age but there are still steps people can take to give theirs its best possible chance. Very loud, short-term sounds and sounds that may not seem so loud (but occur over a long period of time) can both contribute to noise-induced hearing loss. This affects about 15 percent of Americans, ages 20 to 69 according to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. Some loud sounds may be unavoidable but exposure anything above 85 decibels (equal to the sound of heavy city traffic) should be minimized. If you have to raise your voice to speak with someone two to three feet away, the sound level is likely over 85 decibels.

  1. Do you listen to loud music? If so how often?
  2. Have you got god hearing?

Phone Addiction

No, your phone isn’t exactly the most threatening addiction. That doesn’t mean it’s something to ignore. Thanks to the advent of push notifications, many of us are now trained to grab our phone the second it flashes — or when we only think it has. This behavior takes our attention away from other things that we should probably value more, like the work in front of us or talking with friends and family.

  1. Are you addicted to your phone?
  2. How often do you check it?
  3. How soon after waking up do you check it?

Link to original article:

https://www.yahoo.com/health/10-common-bad-habits-and-how-to-break-them-107994730858.html

 

Posted in Conversation Classes, Vocabulary Classes

Peer Teaching: Compound Personality Adjectives

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This is a lesson plan for B2+ students in which they teach each other some compound adjectives to describe personality and use them in a discussion. You will need the students’ hand-out, teacher’s notes and link to the quizlet set below:

Compound Personality Adjectives teacher notes

Compound Personality Adjectives sts handout

https://quizlet.com/120973139/compound-personality-adjectives-flash-cards/

Teacher’s Notes

Lead in

You can use the quizlet set to introduce the concept of compound adjectives. Pick out a few students and ask them the following questions, ask them the question with the compound adjective first and elicit the meaning.

Are you blonde-haired? Are you a person with blonde hair?

Are you blue-eyed? Are you a person with blue eyes?

Are you hard-working? Are you a person who works hard?

Are you a 16-year-old girl? Are you a girl who’s 16 years old?

Are you self-centred? Are you a person who only cares about themselves?

Peer Teaching

Now tell students they are going to teach each other some more compound adjectives. Give out the hand-out, put students in pairs and assign them A or B. A’s are not allowed to look at B’s questions. A should first ask B the first question on the list, they must start with the question with a compound adjective, then ask the question with the definition. For example:

A: Are you tight-fisted?

B: Am I what????

A: Are you a person who doesn’t like to spend or give money?

B: No. I’m very generous.

A: So you’re not tight-fisted then.

Students take it in turns to ask a question and teach the compound adjective. When they have finished they should test their partner to see what they remember.

Test a few students in open class to see how well they’ve been taught.

Student A

Read the questions and answer them yes, no or sometimes (Y/N/S)

  1. Are you tight-fisted? Are you a person who doesn’t like to spend or give money?
  2. Are you thin-skinned? Are you a person who is sensitive to criticism or insults?
  3. Are you easy-going? Are you a relaxed and tolerant person?
  4. Are you quick-witted? Are you a person who thinks and responds quickly?
  5. Are you big-headed? Are you a person who thinks they are better than other people?
  6. Are you self-assured? Are you confident in your own abilities and character? Are you a person who doesn’t worry about what other people think of you?

Now ask them to your partner and see what you have in common.

Student B

Read the questions and answer them yes, no or sometimes (Y/N/S)

  1. Are you thick-skinned? Are you a person who isn’t affected by criticism or insults?
  2. Are you laid-back? Are you a person who is relaxed and casual about everything?
  3. Are you absent-minded? Do you often lose or forget things?
  4. Are you bad-tempered? Do you tend to get angry often?
  5. Are you level-headed? Are you a responsible person who doesn’t get anxious in stressful situations?
  6. Are you self-conscious? Are you nervous or embarrassed about what other people think of you?

Now ask them to your partner and see what you have in common.

Matching Exercises

Students complete the matching exercises in pairs.

Definition match Positive/negative Picture match Sentence match
1.       C

2.       G

3.       I (i)

4.       H

5.       D

6.       J

7.       K

8.       L

9.       B

10.    E

11.    F

12.    A

Positive:

Level-headed

Thick-skinned

Quick-witted

Easy-going

Self-assured

Negative:

Self-conscious

Bad-tempered

Thin-skinned

Absent-minded

Big-headed

Laid-back (could be both)

Tight-fisted

a.        Tight-fisted

b.       Thin-skinned

c.        Absent-minded

d.       Self-conscious

e.       Laid-back

f.         Bad-tempered

g.        Big-headed

h.       Self-assured

1.       Self-conscious

2.       Bad-tempered

3.       Level-headed

4.       Thin-skinned

5.       Absent-minded

6.       Thick-skinned

7.       Big-headed

8.       Laid-back

9.       Quick-witted

10.    Tight-fisted

11.    Easy-going

12.    Self-assured

Discussion

Students complete the discussion in pairs giving reasons for their answers: “A good teacher should be easy-going so that the students don’t have to do so much homework” encourage them to agree and disagree using the language in the boxes.

Which compound adjectives would you use to describe the people listed below? Discuss in pairs.

A good friend

A bad friend

A good teacher

A bad teacher

A good boss

A bad boss

Good parents

Bad parents

A policeman

A footballer

 

Agree Disagree Ask for opinion Express opinion
Absolutely.

I couldn’t agree more.

You took the words right out of my mouth.

Uh-huh.

Yep, I’m with you on that.

Totally.

You’re absolutely right.

You can say that again!

Hhhmm, I’m not so sure.

I take your point but…

I see what you mean but…

I agree with you up to a point but…

You must be joking.

Are you kidding?

 

What do you think about ….?

Where do you stand on…?

What do you reckon to…?

For me personally,

As far as I’m concerned,

In my opinion,

I reckon that…

I’d say that…

Students’ Hand-out

Student A

Read the questions and answer them yes, no or sometimes (Y/N/S)

  1. Are you tight-fisted? Are you a person who doesn’t like to spend or give money?
  2. Are you thin-skinned? Are you a person who is sensitive to criticism or insults?
  3. Are you easy-going? Are you a relaxed and tolerant person?
  4. Are you quick-witted? Are you a person who thinks and responds quickly?
  5. Are you big-headed? Are you a person who thinks they are better than other people?
  6. Are you self-assured? Are you confident in your own abilities and character? Are you a person who doesn’t worry about what other people think of you?

Now ask them to your partner and see what you have in common.

Student B

Read the questions and answer them yes, no or sometimes (Y/N/S)

  1. Are you thick-skinned? Are you a person who isn’t affected by criticism or insults?
  2. Are you laid-back? Are you a person who is relaxed and casual about everything?
  3. Are you absent-minded? Do you often lose or forget things?
  4. Are you bad-tempered? Do you tend to get angry often?
  5. Are you level-headed? Are you a responsible person who doesn’t get anxious in stressful situations?
  6. Are you self-conscious? Are you nervous or embarrassed about what other people think of you?

Now ask them to your partner and see what you have in common.

Definition Match

Match the compound adjective (1-12) with the definition (a-l)

1.       Tight-fisted

2.       Thin-skinned

3.       Easy-going

4.       Quick-witted

5.       Big-headed

6.       Self-assured

7.       Thick-skinned

8.       Laid-back

9.       Absent-minded

10.    Bad-tempered

11.    Level-headed

12.    Self-conscious

a.        Someone who worries what other people think of them.

b.       Someone who always forgets or loses things.

c.        Someone who hates spending/giving money.

d.       An arrogant person.

e.       Someone who frequently gets angry.

f.         A responsible person who stays calm in stressful situations.

g.        Someone who is sensitive to insults/criticism.

h.       Someone who thinks and responds quickly.

i.         A relaxed, tolerant person.

j.         Someone who is confident in their abilities.

k.        Someone who isn’t affected by criticism.

l.         Someone who is relaxed and casual about everything.

Which ones are positive and which are negative?

Positive Negative
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Which compound adjective does each photo represent?

a  b c d
 e f g h

Put the 12 compound adjectives from the other page in the sentences.

  1. I felt really _______________ on the first day of school. I didn’t know if the other kids would like me.
  2. My Maths teacher is so __________________, he gets so angry about the smallest things.
  3. When negotiating it’s really important to be ____________________ if you get stressed you can ruin the deal.
  4. My best friend is so ____________________, sometimes I make fun of her just for a laugh and she runs off crying.
  5. You’re so __________________ Mani, you left your bag and all your books on the bus.
  6. In politics you have to be ____________________ you can’t let all the insults or criticism affect you.
  7. Lots of Hollywood stars are so ____________________ they make one good movie and they suddenly think they’re better than everyone.
  8. Sometimes Arnau can be too _____________________, he has 3 exams tomorrow and he hasn’t even started studying yet.
  9. To be a comedian you have to be really ____________________, it’s hard to think of good jokes quickly.
  10. My parents are so ___________________they never give me any pocket money!
  11. Our new teacher is really __________________ he lets us eat sweets in class.
  12. In a job interview it’s important to act __________________, otherwise they won’t give you the job.

Discussion

Which compound adjectives would you use to describe the people listed below? Discuss in pairs.

A good friend

A bad friend

A good teacher

A bad teacher

A good boss

A bad boss

Good parents

Bad parents

A policeman

A footballer

 

Agree Disagree Ask for opinion Express opinion
Absolutely.

I couldn’t agree more.

You took the words right out of my mouth.

Uh-huh.

Yep, I’m with you on that.

Totally.

You’re absolutely right.

You can say that again!

Hhhmm, I’m not so sure.

I take your point but…

I see what you mean but…

I agree with you up to a point but…

You must be joking.

Are you kidding?

 

What do you think about ….?

Where do you stand on…?

What do you reckon to…?

For me personally,

As far as I’m concerned,

In my opinion,

I reckon that…

I’d say that…