Posted in Conversation Classes, Grammar Classes

Infinitives

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Before you use these materials, why not check out our new podcast for learners and teachers alike? It’s called 2Ts in a Pod, have a listen here:

 

This is a lesson plan for intermediate students to practice different uses of the infinitive through games and conversation.

You will need the lesson plan, students worksheet and articulate cards.

Infinitives Lesson Plan

Infinitives students sheet

Articulate Object Cards

Warmer

Play the classic memory game: “I went to the shops to buy…”

Teacher starts: “I went to the shops to buy a loaf of bread” (encourage use of partitives – loaf of bread, bar of soap, carton of milk etc.)

Next student must repeat the sentence and add another item, continue until you have a huge shopping list of items.

Infinitives of purpose

Have students repeat back the sentences “I went to the shops to buy…”

Ask them what the infinitive expresses? Purpose/reason, introduce the title: infinitives of purpose. Students complete the matching exercise.

Match the sentences halves 1-6 a-f to make sentences using the infinitive of purpose.

1.       I go to the gym 3 times a week a.       To give to her mother.
2.       I went to the supermarket b.      To see the new Woody Allen film.
3.       We went to the cinema c.       To do the weekly shop.
4.       I drove all night just d.      To clean underneath it.
5.       He lifted up the sofa e.      To keep fit.
6.       She bought chocolates f.        To see you.

Key: 1-e, 2-c, 3-b, 4-f, 5-d, 6-a.

In these sentences we can also use “in order to” to be more formal.

We often use “so as” with a negative infinitive to express purpose.

She’s leaving now so as not to arrive late.

1.       She entered the house quietly a.       So as not to hurt his feelings.
2.       He turned the volume down b.      So as not to wake the children.
3.       She stopped eating chocolate c.       So as not to burn the onions.
4.       They told him the terrible picture was lovely d.      So as not to miss the start of the film.
5.       He turned the heat down e.      So as not to annoy the neighbours.
6.       They hurried f.        So as not to put on weight.

Key: 1-b, 2-e, 3-f, 4-a, 5-c, 6-d.

Game – Articulate

Cut up the object cards on the hand out. Split class into teams. Each team has 1 minute to describe the objects on the cards using an infinitive of purpose:

It’s an object we use to eat soup. Spoon!

For each card they get 1 point.

Verbs with infinitives

The following verbs are all followed by the infinitive. Use them to answer the questions below.

Decide Want Need Would like/love Learn Pretend Promise Forget + an obligation
  1. What did you want to be when you were a child?
  2. Do you always keep your promises?
  3. Have you ever broken a promise?
  4. When did you learn to ride a bike?
  5. Have you ever forgotten to lock your door?
  6. Have you ever forgotten to pick up your keys?
  7. What’s the worst thing you’ve ever forgotten to do?
  8. Who did you pretend to be when you were playing as a child?
  9. Have you made any big decisions recently? What have you decided to do?
  10. What would you like/love to do this year?
  11. What do you want to have for dinner tonight? What do you think you will have?
  12. Is there anything important you need to do this week? Do you think you will do it?
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Posted in Grammar Classes, Video Classes

Chucky’s Participle Clauses

Photo credit: http://www.eltern.de/foren/2007-plauderforum-neu/1181239-chucky.html

Follow me on twitter @RobbioDobbio

This is a lesson plan for higher levels (C1+) to teach participle clauses based around the theme of phobias and horror films.

You will need to download the powerpoint and lesson plan:

chuckys-participle-clauses-update

chucky-worksheet

Chucky’s Participle Clauses Lesson Plan

Warmer

What are you scared of?

Brainstorm different phobias on the board.

What gives you nightmares?

Have any specific films given you nightmares?

Have you seen any of the Chucky films?

Chucky Prank Video

Show the Chucky bus stop prank video until 2:20, tell students to focus on the actions:

Have them report back the different actions they saw.

Powerpoint

Go through the powerpoint, it will take students through present participle clauses and perfect participle clauses.

Guess My Job Game

Cut out and give out the job cards on the hand out, tell students to keep them secret from the rest of the class.

Students have to imagine that they are the person on their card; they have been invited to the class to share their experiences with the other students and give advice using participle clauses.

Example: Explorer, Having traveled all over the world, I can say that there’s no place like home. Having learnt 6 different languages, I thoroughly recommend it because it has broadened my mind immensely.

Give students a couple of minutes to think of their sentences, they then read them to the rest of the class who have to guess what job card they were given.

Having robbed a lot of banks, I have loads of money” “Are you a bank robber?” “Yes, I am!”

Homework

Set a film/book review task as participle clause can easily be used to describe narratives, encourage students to use at least 2 in their review.

Seeing her sister nominated to participate in the Hunger Games, Katniss volunteered to take her place.”

Having never seen a troll before, Bilbo was petrified.”

Posted in Grammar Classes

Comparative/Superlative Reference Sheet

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A reference sheet with the grammatical rules for comparatives and superlatives.

Credit to http://english-zone.com/spelling/comparerules.html for the spelling rules.

Comparatives and Superlatives

Comparatives

Ronaldo is taller than Messi.

Physics is more difficult than French.

My sister is tidier than me.

Superlatives

Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.

…… is the most beautiful woman in the world.

….. is the most handsome man in the world.

Messi is the best footballer in the world.

Comparatives:

“Short adjectives” – with 1 syllable or 2 syllables that end in “y” + er than

 

John is shorter than Nigel.

Jane is older than Peter.

Teachers are busier than students.

Busy – “y” changes to “I”

Other “y” adjectives: funny, messy, tidy, hungry.

Superlatives:

Adjectives with 1 syllable or 2 syllables that end in “y” + the …..est

 

The Nile is the longest river.

The Amazon is the widest.

My son is the messiest child in his class.

“Long” adjectives: difficult/beautiful/handsome

+ more + adjective + than

 

Physics is more difficult than French.

Natalie Portman is more beautiful than Scarlett Johansson.

“Long” adjectives: difficult/beautiful/handsome

+ the most + adjective

 

…….. is the most handsome man in the world.

……… is the most beautiful woman.

Irregular comparatives/superlatives

Adjective Comparative Superlative
Good Better The best
Bad Worse The worst
Far Further/farther The furthest/farthest
Spelling rules for “short adjectives”

Change the Y to I and add -er /-est
Examples:

pretty =  prettier

happy =  happier

busy = busier

If the adjective has a CVC pattern, double the consonant and add -er.

Examples:

wet  =  wetter

big  =  bigger

sad = sadder

Posted in Games, Grammar Classes, Warmers

Advanced Relative Clause Pictionary

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Photo credit: http://www.lamaestrachiara.com/inglese/song/green-bottles/ten-green-bottles.htm

This is a revision lesson plan for CAE students studying advanced relative clause phrases such as: all of whom, some of which etc.

Here’s the handout:

Advanced Relative Clause Pictionary

Step 1

I use this game as a revision/warmer after we’ve already studied advanced relative clause phrases with which and whom.

Draw two columns on the board with the titles which (objects/things) and whom (people) and have students recall as many relative clause phrases as they can:

Which (objects/things) Whom (people)
In which (where)

All of which

Some of which

None of which

Both of which

Neither of which

(1,2,3) of which

All of whom

Some of whom

None of whom

Both of whom

Neither of whom

(1,2,3) of whom

Students may struggle with the difference between neither of whom/which and none of whom/which.

Neither refers to just two people/things where as none refers to a group of at least three:

Two students came to class, neither of whom had done their homework.

Ten students came to class, none of whom had done their homework.

There were two buses waiting to take people to the city centre, neither of which had enough space for us.

There were three buses waiting to take people to the city centre, none of which had enough space for us.

Cut out the hand out and divide the class into teams, one volunteer must attempt to draw the situation described in the picture, the team that calls out the corresponding sentence gets 1 point. Continue until all the situations have been used.

Draw the following sentences:

A group of children, some of whom are wearing hats, are waiting for the bus. Four houses, two of which are on fire.
A group of men, all of whom are wearing glasses, are watching TV. Two dogs, both of which are eating bones, are at the beach.
Two men, neither of whom has hair, are playing tennis. Two pizzas, both of which have mushrooms, are on the table.
Two snakes, both of which are green, are sleeping on the carpet. Ten bottles, all of which are full, are sitting on the wall.
Five babies, two of whom are sleeping, are lying on the bed. Five cats, some of which are black, are playing with a ball.
Posted in Conversation Classes, Grammar Classes, Video Classes

Zero Conditional: Hiccup Cures!

Before you use these materials, why not check out our new podcast for learners and teachers alike? It’s called 2Ts in a Pod, have a listen here:

 

Follow me on twitter @RobbioDobbio

This is a lesson plan to help students put the zero conditional into practice in conversation.

Download it here:

Zero Conditional

Introduction

Ask students the following: What do you do when you get hiccups?

Show them the following video and tell them to write down as many causes and cures for hiccups as they can.

Mine the video for vocabulary:

Spasm, stuck, breathe, gasp, exhale/inhale, hold your breath, difference between breathe (verb, long vowel sound) and breath (noun, short vowel sound), chug, pull, tongue, drink from, wrong side, take a sip, swallow, tip your head back, plug your nose, a teaspoon of, sprinkle, squeeze your pinky, pressure point, pinch, recite, backwards, think of, bald, cure/get rid of hiccups.

Ask them which methods from the video they use.

Model a few sentences on the board:

When/whenever I get hiccups, I ask a friend to scare me.

Tell students that this is called the zero conditional. Give out the first page of the handout and go over it quickly.

We use the zero conditional to talk about general or scientific truths and habits.

If you heat ice, it melts. (General truth)

If I drink coffee after 6pm, I can’t sleep. (Habit)

We also use it to talk about what people should do in certain situations.

If you feel tired, stop for a rest.

If you feel ill, take your medicine.

The formula is:

If/when/whenever + present simple, present simple.

Matching exercise

Match numbers 1-5 with letters a-e to make zero conditional sentences.

1.     If it rains, a.     The roads are dangerous.
2.     If it snows, b.     I try a new flavour of ice-cream
3.     Whenever I visit Rome, c.      Tell a security guard.
4.     If you see someone stealing d.     It boils.
5.     When water reaches 100º C, e.     We play basketball inside.

Matching Key

1-e, 2-a, 3-b, 4-c, 5-d

Conversation exercise

Cut the following cards up. Students take them one at a time and discuss them in conversation. Encourage the use of: “Me too/neither” or “So/neither do I”

Whenever I go on holiday… When I go to the dentist…
If I drink too much red wine… Whenever the sales are on…
If I see a beggar in the street… If I see a tourist with their bag open…
When I go to the beach, I always… When it’s my birthday…
If I’m feeling blue… Whenever I need help at work/school…
If I eat too much… When I watch a sad film at the cinema…
When I forget to do something important at home… If I have free time…
Whenever I go to the city centre… When I visit my relatives…
If someone asks me for directions in the street… If you get hiccups…
If you have a hangover… If you feel ill at work/school…
If you need to take a day off… When I have too much work to do…

Here are some alternatives for teenage students:

When I get bored… If I feel sleepy at school…
If I drop my ice-cream on the floor… If a wasp comes near me…
If I can’t sleep… If my brother/sister annoys me…
When I don’t feel like going to school… When my teacher puts a video on…
When I forget to do my homework… If I get sunburnt…

Photo credit: http://imgkid.com/too-much-coffee-meme.shtml

Video credit: buzzfeedyellow

Posted in Exam Preparation Class, Grammar Classes

CAE Use of English Revision Test

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Here’s a sentence completion worksheet with lots of common expressions and structures that come up in the CAE use of English paper. Use of English Revision Complete the sentences with 1 word:

  1. I think of him _____ a father figure.
  2. He’s my favourite uncle; I really look ____ to him.
  3. Everyone thought it would be a complete disaster but it turned _____ fine.
  4. Haha! Look at Tina, she has her jumper on back ___ _____.
  5. There were _____ over 100 people there (much more than)
  6. The company has run ______ trouble.
  7. The project is 4 weeks _______schedule, the boss is not happy.
  8. Everything is going according ____ plan.
  9. He’s making quite a ______for himself in the acting world.
  10. The police tried to prevent the protestors _____ entering the building.
  11. I think James would _______ an excellent Dad.
  12. There will be a show after dinner = Dinner will be ________ _____ a show.
  13. ____its height, this bar had 1000s of customers every night.
  14. He has promised to ______ us _____ a tour of the old town in the morning.
  15. The vandals _____ fire to the carpet and the curtains.
  16. Less people are visiting the park = there has been a _______ in the number of people visiting the park.
  17. He made a great _______ of money selling old cars.
  18. We had to stop because a _______ of cows was crossing the road.
  19. We had to walk a mile or _____ (approx.) before we found a house.
  20. I was ____ the point ____ giving up when I found it.
  21. As _____ as you eat all your vegetables you can have some ice-cream.
  22. As _____ as we know there’s no life on Mars.
  23. As _____ as you get the results, call me.
  24. As _____ as computers are concerned, I’m no expert.
  25. We are currently ____ the process of having our house done ____. (renovated)
  26. Only when I got home ___ I realise she had been flirting with me.
  27. I’d _______ not walk home alone if that’s ok.
  28. I’d _______ not to walk home alone if that’s ok.
  29. I’ve put a lot of time and effort ____ the project.
  30. My dentist has told me to cut _____ ____ fruit juice.
  31. I need a new TV, the old one takes ____ too much space.
  32. A high sugar diet can _____ to diabetes.
  33. A high fat diet can g_____ r______ t_____ obesity.
  34. This report is based ____ a survey carried ____ by members of the school council.
  35. My bicycle tires are completely worn ____, I need to get new ones.
  36. I definitely take ______ my Mum, we’re almost identical.

Key:

  1. as
  2. up
  3. out
  4. to front
  5. well
  6. into
  7. behind
  8. to
  9. name
  10. from
  11. make
  12. followed by
  13. at
  14. take on
  15. set
  16. fall/drop
  17. deal
  18. herd
  19. so
  20. on of
  21. long
  22. far
  23. soon
  24. far
  25. in up
  26. did
  27. rather
  28. prefer
  29. into
  30. down on
  31. up
  32. lead
  33. give rise to
  34. on out
  35. out
  36. after

Here’s another version which includes some relative clauses:

use-of-english-revision new version

Posted in Exam Preparation Class, Grammar Classes

CAE Revision Test

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My CAE students have a progress test next week so here’s their test on some of the grammar and vocab we’ve covered this year so far. Download the hand out and key here:

Revision Test

Revision test key

  1. Please hurry up and decide which film to watch.

MIND

I wish you would______________________________ about which film to watch.

  1. I ate frog’s legs for the first time.

NEVER

I________________________ before.

  1. He played for the club for the first time on Saturday.

DEBUT

He _________________________________for the club on Saturday.

  1. My Dad will collect us with his car at the airport.

UP

My Dad_______________________ at the airport.

  1. Police think he is the murderer.

TO

He _____________________________ murderer.

  1. The painters are painting our house at the moment.

HAVING

We______________________________ at the moment.

  1. Someone stole my phone in the bar.

GOT

I_______________________________ in the bar.

  1. Although she’s good with animals, she’s not very comfortable with people.

MAY

She ________________________ animals, but she’s unable to relax around people.

  1. I’ve lost my keys, it’s possible that I left them at work.

HAVE

I’ve misplaced my keys, ______________________ at work.

  1. I definitely didn’t write that note, Lyn! That’s not my handwriting!

WRITTEN

I ______________________, Lyn, because that’s not my handwriting!

  1. Paul will definitely win the competition.

BOUND

Paul _________________________ competition.

  1. You should clean your room.

TIME

It’s about _____________________ your room.

  1. I wasn’t allowed to play in the street when I was little.

LET

My parents_________________________ in the street when I was little.

  1. “Give me your phone or I’ll shoot you!” said the thief to the old lady.

THREATENED

The thief _________________________ if she didn’t give him her phone.

  1. If Billy hadn’t advised me to continue, I would have given up.

ADVICE

But _________________________, I would have given up.

  1. If I saw someone stealing, I couldn’t just ignore it.

WITNESS

Were_______________________, I couldn’t ignore it.

  1. If I hadn’t seen the sign, I would have crashed into the river.

NOT

Had _______________________, I would have crashed into the river.

  1. The moment I sat down, the phone rang.

HAD

No_________________________ the phone rang.

  1. We didn’t just see dolphins, we saw whales too!

BUT

Not___________________ also whales!

  1. Two students came to class. Both students hadn’t done their homework.

NEITHER

Two students came to class,_________________ done their homework.

  1. Although it was sunny, it was still chilly.

THOUGH

Sunny ____________________, it was still chilly.

  1. The police ordered the man to drive to the side of the road and stop.

PULL

The police ordered the man _________________.

Revision test key:

  1. Make up your mind/make your mind up
  2. Had never eaten frog’s legs
  3. Made his debut
  4. Will pick us up
  5. Is thought to be the
  6. Are having our house painted
  7. Got my phone stolen
  8. May be good with
  9. I might/could/may have left them
  10. Can’t have written that note
  11. Is bound to win the
  12. Time you cleaned
  13. Didn’t let me play
  14. Threatened to shoot the old lady
  15. For Billy’s advice to continue/carry on
  16. I to witness a robbery/someone stealing
  17. I not seen the sign,
  18. Sooner had I sat down than
  19. Only did we see dolphins, but
  20. Neither of whom had
  21. Though it was
  22. To pull over